Window of Archipelago

Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

2004 AD The First Direct Presidential Election in Indonesia

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - The first direct election of the President and Vice President of Indonesia of Indonesia 2004 was held in Indonesia to elect a pair of President and Vice President of Indonesia for the period 2004-2009.

The Presidential Election was held in 2 rounds, which were finally won by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Vice President Muhammad Jusuf Kalla.

Photo: Special

Buni Archaeological Site - 500 Years BC

Kong Sakiyudin Kuncen Situs Buni
Bekasi (DreamLandLibrary) - South Cikarang - West Java Governor Ahmad Heryawan appealed to the Regent of Bekasi to protect the Buni Site. According to him, historical sites owned by each region must be legally protected by the Regional Government. "All historical sites must be protected regardless of their form," he explained yesterday, after visiting the Serang Market.

University of Indonesia archaeologist Ali Akbar said, to resolve the polemic that took place at the Buni Site, research methodologically research should be conducted immediately based on the Cultural Heritage Law No. 11 of 2010.

Ali Akbar said, the Buni site does have important historical value. In fact, the Buni Site was a late prehistoric era of 500 BC where people were already familiar with metals, bronze axes, farming, exchanging gold goods and jewelry. But not familiar with the writing. Meanwhile, the Tarumanegara period in 700 AD

'' The distance between the Buni culture and the Tarumanegara era is around 1200 years. "The final prehistoric period, the human neolithic era is homo erectus," he explained.

He himself claimed to have made a book called Prehistoric Period in Jakarta and Surrounding Areas, which was published in 2007. This book, the results of extavation and a number of research he did.

’’ In the book I wrote, there is also about Site Buni. "I have proven that there are indeed similarities with Batujaya Temple in terms of the pottery found," he concluded. (sam)

Original Title; "Governor: Regent Must Protect Site Buni" Source: http://www.radar-bekasi.com/?p=62076

Photo: Special

5th Century AD - The oldest Yupa inscription in the archipelago

Balikpapan (DreamLandLibrary) - Inscription is a charter or document written on hard and durable material. The discovery of inscriptions at a number of archeological sites, marks the end of prehistoric times, namely Babakan in the ancient history of Indonesia where people are not familiar with writing, towards the historical era, where people are already familiar with writing. The science which dominated the inscriptions was called Epigraphy.

Among various sources of ancient Indonesian history, such as foreign texts and news, inscriptions are considered the most important source because they are able to provide a chronological event. There are many things that make an inscription very profitable world of past research. In addition to containing the calendar elements, the inscription also revealed a number of names and reasons why the inscription was issued.

In a modern sense in Indonesia, inscriptions are often associated with writing on tombstones or in buildings, especially when laying the first stone or inaugurating a construction project. In mass media reports, for example, we often hear the president, vice president, minister, or regional head inaugurate building A, building B, and so on by cutting the ribbon and signing the inscription. Thus the term inscription continues to this day.

Etymology
The word inscription comes from Sanskrit, with the real meaning is "praise". But then it was considered as a "charter, notice, decree, law or writing". Among archaeologists inscriptions are called inscriptions, while among lay people they are called inscribed stones or lettered stones.

Although it means "praise", not all inscriptions contain praise (to the king). Most of the inscriptions are known to contain decisions regarding the designation of a village or region as sima or perdikan area. Sima is land given by the king or the ruler to the people who are considered meritorious. Because of that the existence of the land of sima was protected by the kingdom.

Content
The contents of other inscriptions in the form of court decisions about civil cases (called jayapatra or jayasong inscriptions), as a sign of victory (jayacikna), about debts (suddhapatra), and about the curse or oath. Inscriptions about curses or oaths were almost all written during the kingdom of Srivijaya. And there are also inscriptions containing the king's genealogy or the origin of a character.

Until now the oldest inscriptions in Indonesia have been identified from the 5th century AD, namely Yupa inscriptions from the kingdom of Kutai, East Kalimantan. The inscription contains a genealogical relationship during the reign of King Mulawarman. The Yupa inscription is a stone inscription written in Pallawa letters and Sanskrit. The largest period of expenditure on inscriptions occurred in the 8th to 14th centuries. At that time the most widely used characters were Pallawa, Prenagari, Sanskrit, Old Javanese, Old Malay, Old Sundanese, and Old Bali. The language used also varies and is generally Sanskrit, Old Javanese, Old Sundanese and Old Balinese.

Stone inscribed from West Sumatra
The inscriptions can be found in the form of numerals of the year or short writing. Year numbers can be written with numbers or candlesticks, both words and writing. A short writing can be found on the temple wall, on the upper doorway and on the temple stones.

In the days of the Islamic kingdom, the inscriptions used Arabic characters and Arabic script but the Malay language Pegon script. Most of the inscriptions are on copper plates, tombs, mosques, wall hangings, both in mosques and in the homes of nobles, on royal stamp and stamp rings, currencies, cannons, etc. In the younger years of the colonial era, Latin script was widely used, including English, Portuguese and Dutch languages. Latin inscriptions are generally found in churches, official offices of colonial officials, fortresses, memorials, cannons, currency, stamps, and tombs. Chinese inscriptions and literary inscriptions are also well known in Indonesia, spread between the Classical period and the Islamic period. The inscriptions are found on currency, porcelain objects, bronze gongs and grave stones which are usually made of marble.

The material used to write inscriptions is usually in the form of stone or metal plates, leaves and paper. Besides andesite, the stones used are limestone, marble, and basalt. In archeology, stone inscriptions are called upala inscriptions. Metal inscriptions are generally made of copper and bronze, commonly called Tamra Inscription. Very few inscriptions made of silver and gold sheets. There is also what is called inscription, which is an inscription written on palm leaves or tal leaves. Some inscriptions are made of clay or tablets filled with Buddhist mantras.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prasasti
Photo: Special

600 AD and Beyond

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - In the search for the Dream Land Team, we still provide a timeline


We believe this year's poultices, have a lot of history of our Nation .....

610 AD
The birth of Islam, precisely on the 17th of Ramadan or August 6, 610 AD, Muhammad received the first revelation in Hira Cave.

Year 669 AD - 1579 AD
The establishment of the Kingdom of Sunda - Banten, West Java

671 AD
The establishment of the Kingdom of Srivijaya

Indonesia's economy in 2040 AD

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - This prediction is a matter of much debate by experts. (Red)

1. Global Economic Predictions and Indonesian History Forecast * www.willembuiter.com/resume.pdf

William H. Buiter *, Chief Economist Citigroup together with 50 economists released the prediction of global economists with the title "Global Growth Generators (3G): Moving beyond emerging markets". Indonesia is predicted to enter the top 10 countries with global growth. Indonesia's GDP will rise from position 18 (2011), to position 7 (2030) and position 4 (2040).

Global Economics View - 21 February 2011
Source: Citi Investment Research & Analysis; CitiReport.pdf page 43
The Economic Prediction above is in line with the Prediction of the history of the Indonesian nation, spoken by Prabu Jayabaya (King of the Kadiri Kingdom, 1135-1159). The prophecy implies a series of words "NoTo_NoGoRo" which is then interpreted as the final syllables of the names of the RI Heads of State who have served five years or more, namely Soekarno, SoeharTo, and YudhoyoNo. In due course, in the era of the government of the Head of the Republic of Indonesia with the name ending in the syllable "Go", Indonesia will very much make improvements inward; and then in the era of the "Ro" Head of State, Indonesia will be seen by the countries in the world, and reach the period of Fair Prosperity and Prosperity "Gemah Ripah Loh Jinawi".

2. Fact: Where is Indonesia Today?

A fundamental question arises: Where is the economy and ready for Indonesia to reach the period of the Weak Ripah Loh Jinawi?

Fact-1: Indonesia as a Maritime Country. With a coastline of 80'000km (2x around the earth), it is filled with an abundance of marine biota wealth a such as: out of a total of 4100 species of marine ornamental fish in the world, 1'650 is found in archipelago sea waters; of the 17 fish spots (where millions of millions of fish gather, usually in the area of ​​the sea trench) in the world, 9 are in Indonesia ocean locations.

However, OUR FRIENDS ARE POOR, Indonesia IMPORTED SALT AND FISH !!

Fact-2: Indonesia as an Agricultural Country. Supply 85% of the world's rattan needs; the largest area of ​​our rubber plantations in the world; sugar cane, cocoa, coffee plantations, etc .;

However, most of the 55% of Indonesia's population who live in the village as MANY POOR FARMERS and even Indonesia IMPORTED RICE, AND SOYBEAN !!

Fact-3: Indonesia which has abundant natural energy resources. Arun, Aceh stores the largest LNG reserves in the world; 45% of the world's geothermal energy supply is in Indonesia; production of 1.3 million barrels of oil every day; abundant Solar energy potential where 10% of the Equator line length is located in Indonesia; etc.

However, the price of fuel and electricity soared, frequent blackouts often occur, long queues at gas stations, and Indonesia IMPORTED OIL FUELS !!

Fact-4: Indonesia is rich in research and research objects, and many Indonesians are smart. World's most complete fauna biodiversity; Komodo dragons last surviving creatures only exist in Indonesia; the highest number of active volcanoes in the world; 3 out of 10 volcanic eruptions and the world's largest earthquakes occur in Indonesia; Every year the Indonesian children regularly win several competition categories in the Mathematical and Physics Olympics.

However, our researchers are APPRECIATED AND LOOK WORKING ABROAD !!

Fact-5: Indonesia is rich in cultural diversity and tourism objects. There are 300 ethnic groups and 742 different dialects within the 17'508 islands in the archipelago.

However, only the island of Bali is well known, surpassing Indonesia's own name.

This alarming fact is the urgency of the need for improvement and improvement of the nation's performance in a more intensive and effective manner; Spur the awareness of all the children of the nation of the great economic potential of our country if it is managed by carrying out the spirit of the mandate of the People & the Nation. The era has shown the beginning of the era of "Truth" with the emergence of leaders figures who are loved by the people a.l. like Mahfud MD, Jokowi, Ahok, and several other figures.

Indonesia will become a big country, the questions and challenges that need to be examined more deeply are whether our Nation in the decades to come will become actors and act as hosts in their own country or only as servants in their own country for foreign migrants who act like host.

3. Historical Facts

- Archaeological research results from Prof. Santos (Brazil) who concluded that:
"The Lost Continent of Atlantis finally found in Indonesia".

Contributor: Nino-Kurnia Hakim Soeroyo

Also read: Sabdo Palon and Naya Genggong Nagih Janji (red)

Relations between Java and Israel

Jerusalem Israel
Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - A Glimpse of the Red Thread that was begun by Emha Ainun Nadjib Visit to a Jewish Place of Worship

Zwolle Synagogue
Windesheim The Synagogue Manager Ingrid Petiet welcomed the group from Emha & Kiai Kanjeng, Noe Letto, to join the visit. After a short talk, the group was immediately guided into the synagogue room and, like a tourist guide, Ingrid painfully explained the rooms inside.

Sometimes there are also small dialogues between Ingrid and Cak Nun and Noe Letto which makes the conversation more interesting.

Zwolle seems to have diverse community characteristics, and until now has consistently maintained social security, because in that region there are various ethnicities such as Turkish, Moroccan, and many more.

In 2003 Sianagog Zwolle sent his leaders to participate in a dialogue program of three religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) in the city of Zwolle. With the spirit of love, Cak Nun and his entourage were present, bringing with them a sense of friendship and tolerance that are highly valued.

Ingrid seemed to want to convince the group that he as the organizer of the Synagogue did not agree with the various issues and negative connotations against the Jews.

As a Jew this disturbed him and wanted to show the spirit of peace that he could also create as a Jewish people. Ingrid believes that there are many similarities between the three holy religions in the world, namely Islam, Christianity, and Judaism.

He then gave an example of the greeting spoken by adherents of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam is from the same word; GREETINGS, the difference is only in the dialect of the speaker.

Cak Nun added Ingrid's opinion that in Islam, greetings means "I pledge that you are safe and not threatened with me. The fact that we can dialogue with an atmosphere of peace is also an expression of the word salama, shalom.

Javanese and Jewish English then invited the group to enter another room which they considered sacred. Rarely do guests have the opportunity to enter this room, who knows on what basis Ingrid invited us to get to know the place of worship.

In this room all male visitors are required to wear Jewish hats, as is Kiai Kanjeng except for Cak Nun, who still wears the white Kopyah of her Maiyah.

Every room looks manicured, clean, until a special place is welcome to sit and return to dialogue with a more focused topic. Ingrid tells the story of three of Israel's sons, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, all three of whom are considered to be the forerunners of the nation of Israel.

Jacob is often also called Israel, and then one of his 12 children is preserved as a Jewish identity, Jew of the name Judah.

This statement was immediately received quite well from Cak Nun, he even revealed the need for a serious and comprehensive research into the possibility of a historical relationship between Javanese and Jews. Because when spoken, the two words are almost the same in pronunciation.

Java-Jaffa, Javanese-Jewish. Please note that there are many cities in Israel that use the word Jaffa as important areas, for example Jaffa Tel aviv and many more.

Cak Nun also pointed out several things that found indications of Javanese "involvement" in certain parts of the Jewish area.

Like getting a very valuable information Ingrid looks surprised and very captivated by the exposure of Cak Nun. He considered it a historical phenomenon that should not be ignored, then he also agreed with the proposed research.

One of the Cak Nun missions in the Synagogue seems to provoke a search effort that if properly realized could become a new history of the development of modern human civilization now.

Source:
http://kanjengkiai.multiply.com/journal/item/11?&show_interstitial=1&u=%2Fjournal%2Fitem


Photo: Special

Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture