Window of Archipelago

La Galigo - Similar to the Koran but older than the Koran

Ujungpandang ( Dreamland Library ) - The Bugis in South Sulawesi, adheres to a belief in the Gods of Seuwae (the Only God). "The Bug...

Nusantara - Indonesia Timeline

Jakarta (Dreamland Library) - To make it easier to see the history of the archipelago, then with this timeline, it is hoped that you can arrange your own years of the Archipelago Civilization
  • Early History of Humans
  • 1998,100 BC: Pithecanthropus Erectus - in the Sangiran site area
  • 92,000 to 11,000 BC: Hobbits - Homo Floresiensis
  • 2,000 BC World History - History of the Prophets
  • 500 BC: Buni Site - Bekasi, West Java
  • Century 1 - The kingdom in Banten - in Banten
  • 130 - 362 AD - Kingdom of Salakanagara - in Banten
  • 4th Century: Kutai Kingdom - in East Kalimantan
  • ***** 476 AD World History - Collapse of the Roman Empire
  • 5th Century: Kingdom of Tarumanegara in West Java
  • 564 AD Sawerigading (Book of La Galigo) - Epic of La Galigo
  • ***** 571 AD World History - Prophet Muhammad 571 AD (Kitab Al Quran)
  • 682 AD: Kedukan Bukit Inscription - Sriwijaya, Palembang, South Sumatra
  • 732 AD: Canggal Inscription - Sanjaya Dynasty was founded
  • 824 AD: Borobudur Temple was built by Samaratungga from the Syailendra Dynasty
  • 850 M: Prambanan Temple or Rara Jonggrang built
  • ***** 12th Century World History - Kingdom of Singapore Originating from Cirebon
  • 1,300 M Sultanate of Kutai - in Kalimantan
  • ***** 1,773 - 1,795 AD World History - First Malaysian King of West Sumatra People
  • etc.
900 AD:
900: Establishment of the Sumedang Larang Kingdom

901: Establishment of the Luwu Sultanate

923: Establishment of the Kingdom of Pajajaran Bogor, West Java

932 AD - 1579 AD: The Kingdom of Sunda (Sunda Wiwitan, Hinduism, Buddhism)

960 AD: 
Pura Tirta Empul, located to the east under Tampaksiring Palace. An inscription stored in Manukkaya Village explains that this temple was built by the Queen Sri Candra Bhayangkasha Warmadewa in the Manukkaya area. This inscription is written number 960 AD (882 Saka).

1000 AD:

1009 AD: Establishment of the East Java Kahuripan Kingdom

1042 AD: Establishment of the Janggala Sidoarjo Kingdom, East Java

1042 AD - 1221 AD: Establishment of the Kadiri / Panjalu Kediri Kingdom, East Java

1076 AD: 
Establishment of the Kingdom of Tidung Tarakan, East Kalimantan

1100 AD:
Kingdom of Singapore Beginning of the Kingdom of Cirebon

1200 AD:
Islam began to emerge in Aceh

1222 AD: 
Ken Arok attacks the Kingdom of Kediri, and kills Kertajaya, then founded the Singhasari Kingdom

1257 AD: 
Baab Mashur Malamo founded the Kingdom of Ternate in Maluku

1275-1290 AD: 
Kertanegara carries out a "PaMalayu" Expedition against the Malay Kingdom in Sumatra

1292 AD: 
Jayakatwang killed Kertanegara, and the Singhasari Kingdom ended

1293 AD: Majapahit was founded by Raden Wijaya in East Java. Mongolia (Kublai Khan of the Yuan Dynasty) intends to attack Kertanegara which incidentally has been replaced by Jayakatwang;

With Raden Wijaya's war tactics, he finally defeated the Mongols

1300 AD:

1309 AD: Raja Jayanegara replaces Raden Wijaya as ruler of Majapahit

1328 AD: Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi replaces Jayanegara as king of Majapahit

1350 AD: 
Hayam Wuruk, replaces Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi. "The Golden Era", Patih Gajah Mada united the Archipelago

1365 AD: 
Old Javanese Kakawin Nagarakertagama written

1377 AD: 
Majapahit sent a punitive expedition against Palembang. The Palembang prince, Parameswara (later known as Iskandar Syah) escaped, and found his way to Malacca and built it as an international port

1389 AD: 
Wikramawardhana replaces Sri Rajasanagara as ruler of Majapahit

1400 AD:

1404-1406 AD:
Paregreg War between Bhre Wirabhumi and Wikramawardhana

1415 AD: Admiral Zheng He's fleet is anchored at Muara Jati, Cirebon

1429 AD: Ratu Suhita replaces Wikramawardhana as ruler of Majapahit

1447 AD: Kertawijaya, having the title Brawijaya I, replaces Suhita as the ruler of Majapahit.

1451 AD: Rajasawardhana, holds the title Brawijaya II replaces Kertawijaya as ruler of Majapahit

1453 AD: Rajasawardhana's reign ends.

1456 AD: Girindrawardhana (or Purwawisesa) becomes ruler of Majapahit.

1466 AD: Singhawikramawardhana (or Bhre Pandansalas, or Suraprabhawa), replaces Purwawisesa as ruler of Majapahit

1468 AD: Bhre Kertabhumi (Prabu Brawijaya) or known as Brawijaya V becomes the ruler of Majapahit

1500 M:

1509 - 1595 AD: The Portuguese only colonized Maluku, and were driven out in 1595.

1511 AD: Portuguese conquer the city of Melaka

1582 AD: The founding of the kingdom of Mataram led by Panembahan Senopati

1596 AD: The Dutch first arrived in the Archipelago when a fleet led by Cornelius de Houtman anchored in Banten

1600 M:

1602 - 1942 AD: Dutch colonize all of Indonesia, and successfully expelled in 1942

1602 AD: British fleet reaches Banten and succeeds in establishing Loji there.

1613 M: England trades with Makassar (kingdom of Gowa)

1614 AD: The British founded a lodge in Batavia (Jakarta).

1641 AD: The slaughter of the population of the Banda Islands by the VOC in order to obtain a nutmeg monopoly

1667, 18 November M: The Bungaya Agreement was signed at Bungaya, Gowa between the Sultanate of Gowa and the Dutch East Indies.

1700 AD:

1740, October 9 AD: Chinese massacre at Kaliangke in Batavia

1755, February 13 AD: Giyanti Agreement whereby the kingdom of Mataram is divided into Surakarta Sunanate and Ngayogyakarta Sultanate

1799, December 31 AD: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compaigne (VOC) was dissolved

1800 AD:

1803 - 1838 AD: Padri War

1806 - 1811 AD: France indirectly conquered Java, because the Dutch kingdom was subject to French power. It ended in 1811, when the British defeated the Dutch-French forces on Java. A debt agreement is applied.

1811 - 1816 AD: The British officially colonized Indonesia through the Tuntang agreement, where the agreement contained the Dutch power over Indonesia handed over by Janssens (governor General of the Dutch East Indies) to the British. The British appoint Thomas Stanford Raffles as Lieutenant Governor-General in Indonesia.

1825-1830 AD: Diponegoro War

1873, March 26 AD: Commencement of the Aceh War

1894 AD: Lombok War

1900 AD:

1904 AD: British trade with Ambon and Banda

1909 AD: The British establish a post in Sukadana, Kalimantan

1942 AD:
1942 - 1945 AD: Japan conquered Indonesia 3.5 years, and ended in 1945, since Japan's defeat to the allies.

January 11: Japanese troops arrive in the Tarakan City area, East Kalimantan

March 5: The Dutch surrender to defeat from Japan

1945 AD:

June 1: The day of birth of the Pancasila

August 16: Rengasdengklok incident

August 17: Sukarno and Hatta proclaim Indonesia's independence

18 August: PPKI's first session results in three decisions; First, ratifying the 1945 Constitution. Second, appointing Sukarno as President of Indonesia and Hatta as his deputy. Third, establish a Central Indonesian National Committee (KNIP) to assist the work of the president

1947 AD:

July 21-August 5 M: The Netherlands launched its first military aggression

1948 AD:
January 17: Renville Agreement

December 19 - 1949, January 5: The Netherlands launched its second military aggression

1949 AD:
August 23-November 2: Round Table Conference held in The Hague, the Netherlands between Indonesia and the Netherlands as a way to reduce Indonesian independence by violence

1950 AD:
29 January: General Sudirman dies at the age of 34

April 25: Republic of South Maluku is proclaimed in Ambon

27 September: Indonesia becomes the 60th member of the United Nations

1953 AD:
Borneo was renamed the Province of Kalimantan

1955 AD:
April 18-April 24: The Asia-Africa Summit is held in Bandung

1956 AD:
Kalimantan is divided into the provinces of East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan and West Kalimantan

1962 AD:
August 24-September 4 M: Indonesia hosts the Asian Games IV

1963-1965 AD:
Confrontation with Malaysia

1964 AD
August 27: Sukarno forms the Dwikora Cabinet

1965 AD:
7 January: Indonesia withdraws from UN membership

30 September: 30 September Movement

December 13: Rupiah devaluation to control inflation

October 1965 CE - March 1966 CE: PKI suppression resulted in an estimated 500,000 lives being killed

1966 AD:
February 24: Soekarno forms the Enhanced Dwikora Cabinet or Dwikora II Cabinet

March 11: Signing of Supersemar

March 28: Sukarno forms the Dwikora III Cabinet

11 August: Indonesia and Malaysia agree to restore diplomatic relations

September 28: Indonesia rejoined the United Nations

12 March: Suharto is appointed President of Indonesia, ironically Sukarno is under house arrest

1968 AD:
March 27: Suharto officially becomes President of Indonesia

1969 AD:
Papua joins Indonesia, after the determination of the people's opinion (Pepera)

1970 AD:
21 June: Sukarno dies and is buried in Blitar, East Java

1971 AD:
July 3: The second Indonesian Legislative Election (the first time under the New Order) was held. Golkar wins.

1973 AD:
The government has reduced the number of political parties to three. PDI (nationalist and Christian parties). PPP (Islamic party). The three-party system is dominated by Golkar

1975 AD:
April: There is a civil war in East Timor

7 December: Indonesia launches invasion of Timor Leste

1976 AD:
17 July: East Timor unites with Indonesia, becoming East Timor Province

Commencement of the Free Aceh Movement

1980 AD:
May: Petition 50 launched by President Soeharto is published

1982-1983 AD:
The mysterious shooting (Peter) that killed thousands of criminal suspects

1985 AD:
The government requires all organizations to adopt Pancasila as a single principle

1988 AD:
Suharto was re-elected as President for the fifth time

1989 AD:
The Free Aceh Movement (GAM) began to reactivate after being muted

1992-1993 AD:
East Timor resistance leader Xanana Gusmao was arrested by Prabowo Subianto and tried and convicted

1993 AD:
Suharto was re-elected as President for the sixth time

1996 AD:
27 July: The attack on the office of the Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) (27 July)

1998 AD:
March 11: Suharto is re-elected for the sixth time

May 12: Four students are killed in a demonstration against the Suharto regime at Trisakti University

13 May-15 May: Major riots broke out in Jakarta and several other areas which left thousands dead, a number of Chinese women were raped, and looting in shopping centers

May 21: Suharto steps down, and Habibie takes over as President

1999 AD:
June 7, 1999: First elections held in the Reformation era

September: Referendum in the Province of East Timor under the auspices of the United Nations with the results of four-fifths choosing to separate from Indonesia rather than united with Indonesia

October 20: Wahid was officially appointed as President of the Republic of Indonesia

2001 AD:
February: Ethnic riots occur in Sampit, Central Kalimantan, between Dayak and Madura.

July 23: Megawati officially becomes the 5th President of Indonesia, replacing Gus Dur, who was dismissed by the MPR.

23 September: a bomb explodes in the Plaza Atrium area, Senen, Jakarta.

2002 AD:

May 20: East Timor officially becomes independent with the name Timor Leste.

October 12: Bali Bombing
December: Government and GAM sign a peace agreement in Geneva, Switzerland

2003 AD:
May 19: Peace talks between the Government and GAM fail, the Indonesian military launches a military operation in Aceh

5 August: A car bomb explodes in front of the Mariott Hotel in Jakarta

2004 AD:
April: General Election of Members of the 2004 DPR, DPD and DPRD

July: Election of President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia 2004. Won by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Vice President Jusuf Kalla

9 September: Australian Embassy bombing.

30 November: Lion Air Flight 538 plane crash in Solo kills 26 people. The safety of low-cost airlines in Indonesia is starting to be highlighted

26 December: Tsunami hits Sumatra and kills more than 160,000 people.

2005 AD:
28 May: Two bomb blasts rock the Tentena Central Market, Tentena, Poso, Central Sulawesi, killing at least 20 people

17 July: The Indonesian government enters into a peace agreement with the Free Aceh Movement.

15 August: The Indonesian government and GAM return to negotiations. The peace agreement was signed and officially ended the GAM separatist movement

October 1: Bali Bomb II

29 October: Three high school students in Poso who are walking to a Christian school are beheaded by a group of unknown people

November 9: Police ambush in a villa in Batu City; killed Dr. Azahari, a terrorist fugitive from Malaysia

31 December: Bomb in Palu kills six people

2006 AD:

6 January: The Second East Timor border incidents occur

13-15 February: seven members of Bali Nine were sentenced to life imprisonment and two were sentenced to death. After going through appeal and cassation finally seven were sentenced to death and two to life

May 27: An earthquake shakes Yogyakarta and its surroundings resulting in at least six thousand deaths.

Since May 27: The Lapindo mudflow disaster struck Sidoarjo

2009 AD:
30 September: A magnitude 7.6 earthquake shakes West Sumatra, killing at least 1,117 people

October 20: Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was re-elected as President of the Republic of Indonesia for the period 2009-2014. Accompanied by Prof. Dr. Boediono, M.Ec., as vice president

October 22: Inauguration of the United Indonesia Cabinet II

2010 AD:
April 14: Koja riots cause at least three deaths and hundreds of injuries

May 1 - June 15: Indonesian Population Census 2010, which is the 6th population census of Indonesia after Indonesia's independence

26 September - 29 September: Riot Tarakan, is a riot between tribes, namely the Tidung tribe as a native tribe and a migrant tribe, the Bugis tribe

October 25: An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 SR accompanied by a Tsunami struck Mentawai resulting in 286 deaths and 252 missing

October 26: Mount Merapi erupts resulting in 28 deaths, including its key interpreter, Mbah Maridjan

2011 AD:

February 6: Attack on Ahmadiyya congregation in Cikeusik killed at least 3 people.

18 October: Reform of the United Indonesia Cabinet II

November 11: Opening of the 2011 SEA Games

Sources: From Various Sources

Photo: Istimewa

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Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture