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Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

Walisongo

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - Many versions of Walisongo, because we try to collect from various sources, so that we can present the story or history about Walisongo clearly.

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Sapto Satrio Mulyo

Walisongo or Walisanga:
As a propagator of Islam in Java in the 14th century, in three important areas on the north coast of Java, namely East Java (Surabaya-Gresik-Lamongan-Tuban), Central Java (Demak-Kudus-Muria), and West Java (Cirebon) .

Walisongo era is the era of the change of Nusantara culture which was influenced by Hindu-Buddhism to be influenced by Islam.

They played a huge role in establishing the Islamic Kingdom in Java.

The meaning of the word Walisongo

There are several opinions about the meaning of Walisongo, including:
  • Meaning in Javanese, Walisongo is Nine Guardians, with the number of Trustees there are Nine people
  • Meaning in Arabic, that the word songo / sanga comes from the word "tsana" which in Arabic means "noble".
Those consisting of people of Arab descent want to change various forms of manifestation of Javanese civilization values, such as; ranging from health, farming, commerce, culture, art, society, to the government.
1.Sunan GresikDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 21
Tempat Kelahiran:Samarkand, Asia Tengah / Turki / Arab Saudi / Gujarat (India) / Campa
(Kamboja)
*
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1350-an M – (M) 8 April 1419 M*
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Maulana Malik Ibrahim / Sunan Tandhes / Mursyid
Orang Tua:Jumadil Kubro +*
Berdakwah:Pendidikan Agama
Karya:
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Golongan masyarakat Pulau Jawa yang tersisihkan, pada akhir kekuasaan Majapahit
Wilayah Penyebaran Agama:Sekitar Gresik
Born in Samarkand in Central Asia, in the early half of the 14th century. He is considered to be the first trustee to preach Islam on Java.

Trying to attract the hearts of the people, who are being hit by the economic crisis and civil war, and build a place to study religion in Leran, Gresik.

Son of Maulana Jumadil Kubro (10th descendant of Husein / Grandson of the Prophet Muhammad SAW)

Have, 3 wives;
  1. Siti Fathimah bint Ali Nurul Alam Maulana Israil (Champa King of the Azmatkhan Dynasty 1), has 2 children; Maulana Moqfaroh, and Syarifah Saroh
  2. Siti Maryam bint Shaykh Subakir, has 4 children; Abdullah, Ibrahim, Abdul Ghafur, and Ahmad
  3. Wan Jamilah bint Ibrahim Zainuddin Al-Akbar Asmaraqandi, has 2 children; Abbas, and Yusu
2.Sunan AmpelDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 22
Tempat Kelahiran:Champa (Kamboja)
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1401 M – (M) 1481 M
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Bong Swi Hoo / Raden Rahmat*
Orang Tua:Ibrahim Zainuddin Al-Akbar + Dewi Condro Wulan
Berdakwah:Dunia Pendidikan Agama
Karya:Perancang Mesjid Demak
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Masyarakat Umum
Wilayah Penyebaran:Ampel Surabaya
His birth name is Bong Swi Hoo, who was later given the title Sunan Ampel born in Champa (Cambodia) 1401 AD, is the son of Ibrahim Zainuddin Al-Akbar with Dewi Condro Wulan binti Raja Champa the last descendant of the Ming Dynasty.

The pesantren is located in Ampel Denta, Surabaya, and is one of the oldest centers of Islamic propagation in Java.

Re-invoke the term Molimo (moh main, moh dandruff, moh thief, moh madat, moh madon), 2 of his students who are very well known namely mbah Sholeh (Guardian of the Ampel Mosque) and mbah Bolong (perforating the dream to see the Ka'bah / Qibla direction in construction of the Ampel Mosque)

The tomb of Sunan Ampel lies directly behind the Ampel Mosque, Surabaya

Hew Wai Weng, in his book "Chinese-style Islam" revealed Sunan Ampel was of Chinese descent.

3.Sunan GiriDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 23
Tempat Kelahiran:Blambangan (Banyuwangi)
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1442 / 1443 M – (M) 1506 M*
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Raden Paku / R. Ainul Yakin / Jaka Samudra
Orang Tua:Maulana Ishaq + Dewi Sekardadu
Berdakwah:Dengan Kesenian
Menggubah:Mainan Cublak-cublak Suweng
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Kaum Priyayi
Wilayah Penyebaran:Di luar jawa; Madura, Bawean, Nusa, Tenggara, Maluku
Sunan Giri is the son of Maulana Ishaq and Dewi Sekardadu (Putri Prabu Menak Sembuyu, King of Blambangan).

Sunan Giri is a student from Sunan Ampel, who is also a teacher with Sunan Bonang.

Established a government in Giri Kedaton, Gresik; which subsequently became the center of Islamic Da'wah in Java and Eastern Indonesia, to the Maluku islands.

One of his famous descendants is Sunan Giri Prapen, who spread Islam to Lombok and Bima.

Sunan Giri was born in Blambangan (Banyuwangi) in the Saka Candra Sengkala year "Jalmo Orek Werdaning Ratu" (1365 Saka / 1442 AD), and died in the Saka Candra Sengkala year "Sayu Sirno Sucining Sukmo" (1428 Saka) in the village of Giri, Kebomas, Gresik .

Buried in Giri Village, Kebomas District, Gresik Regency, Java

4.Sunan Gunung JatiDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 23
Tempat Kelahiran:Palestina
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1448/1450 M – (M) 1568/1569 M*
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Syarief Hidayatulloh / Syech Maulana Jati / Syekh Maulana Akbar
Orang Tua:Syarif Abdullah Umdatuddin + Nyai Rara Santang
Berdakwah:Pendidikan Agama
Karya:Kesultanan Banten
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Masyarakat Umum
Wilayah Penyebarang:Banten, Sunda Kelapa, dan Cirebon

Sunan Gunung Jati, son of Syarif Abdullah with Nyai Rara Santang (Putri Prabu Siliwangi).

Version 1

Sunan Gunung Jati is the son of Syarif Abdullah Umdatuddin (An Egyptian - 17th descendant of the Prophet Muhammad)

Version 2

Syarif Abdullah bin Nur Alam bin Jamaluddin Akbar (traveler from Gujarat, India who migrated to the Land of Java),

Version 1

Descendants of the Prophet Muhammad 18th

Version 2

The descendants of the Prophet Muhammad 23rd

The tomb is located in Sembung Mountain, Astana Village, Kec. Gunung Jati, Kab. Cirebon, West Java

Syech's mother Syarief Hidayatullah is Nyai Rara Santang, after converting to Islam he changed his name to Young Syarifah'im.

Syech Syarief Hidayatullah with his support, Tumenggung Cerbon Sri Manggana Cakrabuana aka Pangeran Walangsungsang and supported by the Kingdom of Demak, was crowned King Cerbon with the title "Maulana Jati" in 1479.Sunan Gunung Jati developed Cirebon as the center of Da'wah and his government, which later became the Sultanate of Cirebon. . His son, named Maulana Hasanuddin, also succeeded in developing power, and spreading Islam in Banten, which later became the forerunner to the establishment of the Sultanate of Banten.

The long journey taken by Sunan Gunung Jati from Egypt to the island of Java, where during his trip he preached to spread the religion of Islam in the regions where he stopped, including in China.

Sunan Gunung Jati is escaped, has 6 wives:
  • Ong Tien Nio (Laras Sumanding) daughter of Emperor Hong Gie, blessed with a child "Pangeran Kuningan" but never treated by sunan Gunung Jati and Putri Ong Tien, but adopted and cared for by Ki Gede Lurung Agung, one of Sunan's students, until he died at the age of not even 1 year old.
  • Nyai Ratu Kawunganten, daughter of the regent of Kawunganten Banten, has 2 children; Nyai Ratu Winahon and Maulana Hasanudin, who later became the Sultan of Banten. Relationship with Demak was established because Maulana Hasanuddin himself, married one of the daughters of Sultan Trenggono, the third king of Demak.
  • Nyai Babadan, the child of Ki Gedeng Babadan, has 2 children; Pangeran Trusmi and Ratu Martasari.
  • Nyai Ratu Dewi Pakungwati, the daughter of her uncle, Pangeran Cakrabuwana, was not blessed with descendants, his wife died when in the burning of the Great Mosque of the Ciptarasa.
  • Nyai Ageng Tepasari. Putri Ki Ageng Tepasan (one of the Majapahit authorities who had become a Demak family after the collapse of Majapahit), was blessed with 2 children; Ratu Wulung Ayu and Pangeran Pasarean. From this marriage, it is said that the beginning of the family relationship between Demak and Cirebon began to be established. And the relationship was increasingly intertwined with Demak, because Ratu Wulung Ayu was married to Pati Unus, who later became the second king of Demak to succeed his father, Raden Patah YTPHN.
  • Nyai Lara Baghdad, daughter of Maulana Abdullrahman Al-Baghdadi, has 2 children; Prince Jayakelana (First Son), married to the family of Demak too, Raden Patah's daughter named Ratu Pembayun. The second son, Pangeran Bratakelana, was married to another Raden Patah child, Ratu Nyawa. Who after his death in the fight against the pirates after returning from Demak, was later married to his half-brother, Prince Pasarean.
Syech Maulana Jati died on the 26th of Rayagung in 891 Hijriah / 1568 AD / 1491 Saka, the Javanese date was 11 Krisnapaksa in Badramasa.

5.Sunan KalijagaDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 24
Tempat Kelahiran:Tuban
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1460 M – (M) 1580 M*
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Joko Said / Raden Mas Said / Lokajaya / Syekh Malaya / Pangeran Tuban / Raden Abdurrahman
Orang Tua:
Berdakwah:Kesenian (Wayang Kulit) & Kebudayaan
Menggubah:Lir-Ilir dan Gundul-Gundul Pacul
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:
Wialyah Penyebaran:Jawa Tengah
Version 1: Sunan Kalijaga is the son of the Duke of Tuban named Tumenggung Wilatikta or Raden Sahur. According to Van Den Berg, Sunan Kalijaga was an Arab descendant whose lineage reached the Prophet Muhammad.

Version 2: From the Cirebon version, the name Kalijaga comes from Kalijaga Village in Cirebon. Student Sunan Bonang, who was awarded a long life.

Version 3: Sunan Kalijaga is of Arab descent, and his name is derived from Arabic: Qodli Zaka, which means prince.

Version 4: Chinese descent, with the first name Said from sa-it (sa = 3, and it = 1; ie 31) as a reminder, that when he was born, his father was 31 years old. When he became Sunan, he had a Chinese name; Gan Si Cang, son of Gan Eng Cu aka Arya Teja, the Chinese captain based in Tuban. Arya Teja is the father-in-law of Bong Swi Hoo aka Sunan Ampel aka Raden Rachmat

Before becoming Walisongo, he was a former robber specializing in agricultural produce, which he then distributed to the poor.

Sunan Kalijaga uses art and culture as a means for da'wah, including Wayang Kulit and Tembang Suluk. Sulul-Ilir and Gundul-Gundul Pacul songs are generally acknowledged as the result of his work.

Sunan Kalijaga is narrated;
- Married to Dewi Saroh bint Maulana Ishaq
- Married to Syarifah Zainab bint Sheikh Siti Jenar
- Married to Ratu Kano Kediri bint Raja Kediri

Buried in Kadilangu Village, near the town of Demak (Bintara), which is still crowded by pilgrims
6.Sunan BonangDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 23
Tempat Kelahiran:Bonang
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1465 M – (M) 1525 M
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Bong Ang / Maulana Makhdum Ibrahim / Raden Makdum Ibrahim
Orang Tua:Sunan Ampel + Nyai Ageng Manila
Berdakwah:Menggunakan Kesenian Setempat
Karya Lagu:Suluk Wijil & tembang Tombo Ati
Karya Alat Musik:Rebab & Bonang
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Masyarakat Umum
Wilayah Penyebaran:Tuban, Lasem, dan Rembang
Sunan Bonang is the son of Sunan Ampel with Nyai Ageng Manila, (Princess of the Duke of Tuban named Arya Teja).

The name Sunan Bonang is suspected to be Bong Ang according to the name of the Bong clan like the name of his father Bong Swi Hoo aka Sunan Ampel. Bonang eventually became the name of a village in Rembang district.

Da'wah makes use of the local art that is engineered, to attract the inhabitants of Java to embrace Islam.

Engineered Rebab and Bonang (musical instrument creation) entered the Javanese gamelan.

Ikhwal Sunan Bonang Grave exists in two locations, because;

His student from Madura who greatly admired him, heard the news that Sunan Bonang died. This made the student's wish, to bring his body to Madura. However, the student could not bring Sunan Bonang's body, and could only carry the shroud, and his clothes. .

When passing through Tuban, a student from Tuban who also admired Sunan Bonang, heard that there was a Sunan Bonang student from Madura who was carrying Sunan Bonang's body, trying to

seize it.

The original grave of Sunan Bonang is actually in Bonang Village. Precisely in the town of Lasem district which is located 12 km east of Rembang in the east coast of Central Java.

However, until now the pilgrimage often is his tomb in the city of Tuban.

Bong Swi Hoo came from Yunnan as the granddaughter of a high-ranking ruler in Campa, Bong Tak Keng. Bong Swi Hoo came to Java without a wife in 1447.

Bong Swi Hoo and Ni Gede Manila (Gan Eng Cu's daughter, a Chinese captain based in Tuban) had a child named Bong Ang alias Sunan Bonang.

Sunan Ngampel and Sunan Bonang also have links with Jin Bun (Raden Patah)

Hew Wai Weng, in his book "Chinese-style Islam" revealed Sunan Bonang was of Chinese descent.

7.Sunan DrajatDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 23
Tempat Kelahiran:Ampel
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 9 Sept 1470 M – (M) 1522 M
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Raden Qasim / Masih Munat/ Raden Syarifudin / Sunan Mayang Madu
Orang Tua:Sunan Ampel + Nyai Ageng Manila
Berdakwah:Kegiatan Sosial dan Kesenian
Menggubah:Tembang macapat Pangkur
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Wong Cilik
Wilayah Penyebaran:Di Sekitar Surabaya
Sunan Drajat is the son of Sunan Ampel with Nyai Ageng Manila, (Putri Adipati Tuban named Arya Teja).

Awarded the title "Sunan Mayang Madu" by Raden Patah YTPHN in 1442 Saka / 1520 AD

Emphasizing Generosity, Hard Work, and Increasing Community Prosperity, by pioneering the care of orphans and sick people

Spread Islam in the Drajat village as a fief land in Paciran sub-district, Kab. Lamongan, East Java, which is a gift from the kingdom of Demak

Pangkur macapat song as his creation. The Singomengkok gamelan is inherited from the Sunan Drajat Regional Museum, Lamongan.

Died in Sedayu Gresik, and was buried in Drajat Village, Paciran District, Kab. Lamongan, East Java.

Hew Wai Weng, in his book "Chinese-style Islam" revealed that Sunan Drajat was of Chinese descent.

8.Sunan MuriaDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 25
Tempat Kelahiran:Campa (Kamboja)
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1450an M – (M) …. M*
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Umar Said / Raden Umar Said
Orang Tua:Sunan Kalijaga + Dewi Saroh
Berdakwah:Dunia Pendidikan dan Budaya
Menggubah:Sinom dan Kinanti
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Masyarakat Kampung Pelosok
Wilayah Penyebaran:Lereng Gunung Muria, Jawa Tengah
Sunan Muria is the son of Sunan Kalijaga from his wife named Dewi Saroh bint Maulana Ishaq (Sunan Giri's sister).

Sunan Muria is married to Dewi Sujinah, daughter of Sunan Ngudung. So Sunan Muria is the sister-in-law of Sunan Kudus.

The name Sunan Muria is thought to originate from the name of the mountain (Mount Muria), which is located north of the city of Kudus, Central Java, where he was buried.

The tomb of Sunan Muria is believed to be on the summit of Mount Muria, Colo Village, Dawe District, Kudus Regency. Exactly in the old building right behind the Mihrab Mosque, a relic of Sunan Muria.

Hew Wai Weng, in his book "Chinese-style Islam" revealed Sunan Muria was of Chinese descent.

9.Sunan KudusDeskripsiCatatan
Saudara dengan Nabi Muhammad:Silsilah ke 24
Tempat Kelahiran:Al-Quds Palestina
Tahun Kelahiran:(L) 1500-an M – (M) 1550 M*
Nama Lahir / Nama Alias:Jaafar As-Sadiq / Ja’far Shodiq / Sayyid Ja'far Shadiq Azmatkhan
Orang Tua:Sunan Ngudung + Nyai Ageng
Berdakwah:Menggunakan Kesenian
Karya:Menara Kudus gaya Hindu & Islam
Segmen Penyebaran Agama:Kalangan Penguasa & Priyayi Jawa
Wilayah Penyebaran:Kudus, Jawa Tengah
Sunan Kudus (Grandson of Sunan Ampel) is the son of Sunan Ngudung or Raden Usman Haji, with Syarifah Ruhil (Sunan Bonang's sister) or Dewi Ruhil who has the title Nyai Anom Manyuran binti Nyai Ageng Melaka bint Sunan Ampel.

Sunan Kudus was born in Palestinian Al-Quds. Then with grandfather, father and relatives emigrated to the Land of Java.

Has a large role in the government of the Sultanate of Demak, namely as "War Commander, Advisor to the Sultan of Demak, Murshid Thariqah and Judge of the State Court".

Preaching among the Javanese rulers and prijajis.

His students, among others: Sunan Prawoto, the ruler of Demak, and Arya Penicu Adipati Jipang Panolan.

One of the famous legacies is the Menara Menara Mosque, with a mixture of Hindu and Islamic style architecture.

His grave is located in Kudus

Sources: From various sources

Some Notes
-* The number of versions from various sources, made us include all the information we got, while looking deeper into its accuracy.
-We order the Sunan by birth year or estimated birth year.
-The mating of Arabs with other Middle Eastern marriages, Arabs with Asians including Chinese, and finally Arabian marriages with Indonesians, produced the Sunan we know today.
-However, there is a common thread on the origin of the Sunan-sunan, because they are Arabs who come from the Sayyid or Sharif, who are still close relatives or relatives of the Prophet Muhammad.
-A little additional information, that the Sunan-sunan who are not descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. This is given;
1.The Prophet Muhammad did not have a Boy
2.The Arabs embraced Patrilineal (the line of descent originating from the father's side)
3.Uncle or niece in Patrilineal can no longer be called Descendants

Sources: From Various Sources
Photo: Special

Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture