Window of Archipelago

Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

History of the Owner of Jerusalem 1040 BC - 970 BC

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - The Palestinian-Israeli conflict, which has been happening all this time, has made some parts of the Indonesian Islamic Community see as a War of Religion.

Jerusalem in Hebrew is called Yerushalayim, while in Arabic it is called al-Quds. Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world.

"Philistine" in the Hebrew word means "Nation from Overseas", which the Philistines came from around the island of Crete, Greece. While the original religion of the Philistines was worship of gods ".

The Philistines first landed on the coast of Gaza around the 15th century (+ 1500 yrs) BC (Gaza City is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip), gradually increased, and finally a confrontation with the prophet David (local residents), where eventually the Prophet David (1040 BC - 970 BC) won the war, which later established the kingdom of Israel with an area + still as it is now. Therefore until now the Israeli flag has the Star of David symbol.

While the Palestinians who are now, the majority are not Philistines who used to come from the cretins of Crete (Greece), but are already filled with Muslim Arab and Christian Arab tribes, no longer native Philistines.

The people who claim to be Palestinians today, they actually only came after the takeover of power by the Caliph Umar Bin Khattab

This can be proven, from like Yasser Arafat, for example, a very famous Palestinian leader, he was not a Philistine, but an Egyptian Arab, and not born in Palestine, where his wife was also not a Philistine, but a Christian Arab Woman.

David was the great Prophet of the Jewish Shalom of Israel, the Shalom of the Christians, and also the Arab Muslim Ummah, who killed Goliath Philistines, who later founded the kingdom of Israel.

The Temple (also called the Temple or Temple) is the name for the center of the worship of the nation of Israel, and the Jews in Jerusalem since the Prophet David (1040 BC - 970 BC), which is located on the Temple Mount.

Prophet David / King David
  • Islam sees it as the Prophet David (1040 BC - 970 BC)
  • Christianity and Judaism, see him as a Third King (1008 BC - 970 BC) and the most popular in the kingdom of Israel
  • Then his government was replaced by King Solomon (970 BC - 931 BC).
The Book of Psalms & the Book of Psalms
  • Islam believes that the Prophet David received the Book of Zabur
  • Christianity believes the Prophet David wrote many Psalms collected into the Psalms.
Prophet David is the ancestor of Jesus or Isa al-still according to the Gospel of Matthew, the Gospel of Luke and other New Testament books.

His lifetime is generally estimated to date from 1040 BC - 970 BC, his reign over the Kingdom of Judah in Hebron 1008 BC - 1002 BC, and his reign over all Israel 1002 BC - 970 BC.

Prophet Muhammad
Prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca, Monday, 12 Rabi'ul Beginning in 571 AD - died in Medina, 8 June 632 AD

The Prophet Muhammad began to spread the teachings of Islam to all mankind and bequeathed a single Islamic government.

Prophet Muhammad never ordered to seize Jerusalem, because he already had 2 Holy Land (Mecca & Medina), and the Qibla itself.

Prophet Muhammad had never taught in his life, and ordered to take Jerusalem and Israel. There is not a single letter in the Koran that calls for the Ummah Muhammad / Islam to take over Israel and Jerusalem.

Caliph Umar Bin Khattab
Jerusalem was attacked by Umar bin Khattab in the second caliphate period or after the Prophet Muhammad died, or after June 8, 632 AD

It began when Muslim forces under the command of Abu Ubayda surrounded Jerusalem after taking over Damascus in the Yarmuk War. In 637, after the siege of Jerusalem, Islamic forces finally took over the city.

Umar was given the key to enter the city by the priest Sophronius, and invited to pray in the church (Church of the Holy Sepulcher). Umar chose to pray elsewhere, east of the church.

Then, the Umar mosque was built by Sultan Al Afdal, the son of Sultan Saladin Al Ayyubi (during the Ayyubid dynasty in the 12th century) to commemorate the event, where the mosque itself is located south of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and not east of the place when Umar prayed first.

The mindset
Observing the course of history above, we should have increasingly understood why the Christians continued to defend the Holy Land of Israel.

Seeing the events of the first time Umar came to Jerusalem, where Umar prayed in the field, it is certain that there is no mosque in Jerusalem. If the Al Aqsa mosque already exists, Umar must pray at the Al Aqhsa mosque, not in the field. So after establishing the Omar mosque (in the 12th century).

A few years later after the incident of Umar praying in the field, then the Al Aqhsa mosque was built (completed in 705 AD or + 72 years after the Prophet Muhammad died) on the ruins of the Temple ruins.

For the Ummah of the Christians, the kingdom of Israel is the forerunner of the Jewish history of Israel and the Christians, which is a sacred area for the Jews of the Prophet David, who is also the Birthplace of the Prophet Jesus / Jesus.

Crusade in response to the capture of the Holy Land of the Christians, taken in the Muslim conquest of the Levant (632–661). In the end, it led to the recapture of Jerusalem in 1096 AD - 1099 CE

Crusade (Reclaiming the Holy Land)
First Crusade 1096 AD - 1099 AD in order to reclaim their Holy Land, which was endorsed by Pope Urban II in 1095.

Second Crusade 1145 AD - 1149 AD After passing through Byzantium and entering Anatolia, it was defeated by the Seljuk army (Islamic empire known as the Great Seljuk Empire). Louis, Conrad, and the rest of his army made it to Jerusalem, and launched a "mistaken" attack on Damascus in 1148. The Crusades in the East achieved victory. The failure of the Second Crusade triggered the fall of Jerusalem again.

Third Crusade 1189 CE - 1192 CE, known as the Crusade of the Kings, was an attempt by European leaders to reclaim the Holy Land from Saladin (Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi). The campaign had a lot of success, capturing the important cities of Akko and Yafo, also reversing most of Saladin's conquest, but failed to take Jerusalem which was the emotional and spiritual motivation of the Crusades.

Fourth Crusade 1202 AD - 1204 AD was an armed expedition from Western Europe intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem by invasion through Egypt. Instead, there was a series of events that led to the plunder of the city of Constantinople - the capital of the Byzantine Empire which was controlled by Christians - by the Crusaders.

The Fifth Crusade of 1217 AD - 1221 CE was an attempt by Western Europeans to retake Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the ruling Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt.

The Sixth Crusade began in 1228 as an attempt to regain Jerusalem. This war began after the failure of the Fifth Crusade and involved very little actual fighting. Friedrich II's diplomatic maneuver, the Holy Roman Emperor, caused the Kingdom of Jerusalem to regain some control over Jerusalem for almost the next fifteen years (1229-39 CE, 1241-44 CE) and other areas of the Holy Land.

The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254. About 800,000 bezants (medieval gold coins) were paid as ransom for King Louis. He was defeated and captured by Egyptian forces led by Sultan Ayyubiyyah Turanshah supported by the Mamluks of Bahri led by Faris ad-Din Aktai, Baibars al-Bunduqdari, Saif ad-Din Al-Qutuz, Izz al-Din Aybak, and al-Mansur Qalawun

The Eighth Crusade was a crusade carried out by Louis IX of France against the city of Tunis in 1270. The Eighth Crusade was sometimes counted as the Seventh, if the Fifth Crusade and the Sixth Crusade were counted as a single crusade. The Ninth Crusade was sometimes also counted as part of this Eighth. This crusade was considered a failure because Louis died of an illness shortly after arriving on the coast of Tunisia, and his troops who were also struck by an outbreak of disease disbanded back to Europe shortly after.

The Ninth Crusade, which is sometimes grouped together with the Eighth Crusade, is generally considered the last great Crusade in the Holy Land in the Middle Ages. This war took place between 1271-1272. The failure of Louis IX of France to conquer Tunis in the Eighth Crusade Edward, son of Henry III of England, sailed to Akko in order to carry out what was called the Ninth Crusade.

The Ninth Crusade won several impressive victories for Edward over Baibars. In the end the Crusade was seen as not so much a failure when it later withdrew; Edward had concerns about the problems in his country and felt unable to resolve conflicts in the remaining outremer areas. It can be said that the enthusiasm for a Crusade was almost "extinct", in this period too. This was also a sign of the collapse of the last remaining Crusader fortifications along the Mediterranean coast.

By looking at the history of the Arab takeover of Jerusalem, the center to Nashranian had to be moved to Byzantium. "Byzantine" comes from the word "Byzantium", which is the name of the city of Constantinople before becoming the capital of Constantine the Great.

After living and growing in Constantinople, Nashrani Byzantium was destroyed by Muhammad Al Fatih (a king or sultan of the Ottoman Empire - also known as Sultan Muhammad II - February 7, 1451). For the second time the Christians had to move, this time the Vatican was chosen, this so that they could get protection from Rome.

On May 29, 1453 AD, Sultan al-Ghazi Muhammad successfully entered the City of Constantinople. Since then he was known by the name of Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih, conqueror of Constantinople.

Furthermore, because they felt they were always being chased by the Arabs, then the entire Christian kingdom united, under the leadership of the British, to return to take over their Holy Land of Jerusalem. This war was called the Crusades, and at that time the Christians succeeded in recapturing Jerusalem.

Christians believe strongly in their Scriptures which say that Israel is the Holy Land given by God, and God will protect it until the Day of Judgment.

We should study history in Line Time, so we don't judge things arbitrarily. If we start only from the Crusades, maybe the Palestinian Struggle can be justified, but if you study the real history of the beginning, then it is not appropriate, the Holy Land of other religions to be controlled.

As an analogy, is it possible that the Holy Land of Religion X, is controlled or managed by Religion Y, or vice versa ...

Prophet Muhammad never ordered to seize Jerusalem, because he already had 2 Holy Land (Mecca & Medina), and the Qibla itself. In the Quran there is not even a single verse that says to rule over Jerusalem.

In short, if Arab Islam truly follows the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, certainly has no intention of depriving Israel / Jerusalem, because the Prophet himself taught "For me my religion, for you your religion" ...

Nationalist Movement in Europe
In the 1800s, a new nationalist movement was born in Europe, which they called the "Zionist Movement". Zionism itself is a political movement that supports the formation of a Jewish state.

This is because, Jews feel discriminated against, so they need to have their own country, in order to avoid discrimination and oppression by Europeans.

From the 1st Zionist Congress of 1897, they decided to return to seize the "Promised Land". What was then still part of the Ottoman Empire (See History above)

Before the aggression was carried out, the Zionist movement, led by Theodor Herzl, offered a payment of 150 million pounds as a ransom. But it was rejected by the Ottoman Sultan, Sultan Abdulhamid II, who was then in power.

After World War I, Britain finally succeeded in seizing Palestine from Ottoman rule in 1917. After that, the British Foreign Minister, Arthur Balfour, issued a declaration to support the Zionist movement, in the context of establishing a Jewish state in Palestine.

UN agreement
In 1947, the United Nations agreed to divide Palestine into two countries, namely one Jewish state and one Arab state.

May 14, 1948, Israel proclaimed its independence, which was immediately followed by war with surrounding Arab countries that rejected the plan of division.

Israel then won the war, and solidified its independence, and it was as a result of that war, Israel succeeded in expanding its territorial borders beyond the territorial limits determined by the Palestinian Divisions Plan.

Since then, Israel has been at odds with neighboring Arab countries, which has resulted in continued wars and violence.

Although Israel has signed a peace agreement with Egypt and Jordan, the peace efforts between Palestine and Israel have yet to succeed.

Timeline
  • 1040 BC - 970 BC - For the Christians, the kingdom of Israel is the forerunner of Jewish and Israeli Jewish history, which is a sacred area for the Jewish Prophet David, who is also the Birthplace of the Prophet Jesus / Jesus.
  • AD 571 - Prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in 571 AD and died in Medina, June 8, 632 AD
  • 632 AD - Jerusalem was attacked by Umar bin Khattab in the second caliphate period or after the Prophet Muhammad died, or after 8 June 632 AD
  • AD 637 - Abu Ubayda besieges Jerusalem - Begins when Muslim forces under the command of Abu Ubayda surround Jerusalem after taking control of Damascus in the Yarmuk War. In 637, after the siege of Jerusalem, Islamic forces finally took over the city.
  • 705 AD - Al Aqhsa Mosque was built - A few years later after the Umar prayer in the field, then the Al Aqhsa mosque was built (completed in 705 AD or + 72 years after the Prophet Muhammad died) on the ruins of the Temple ruins.
  • 1096 AD - Commencement of the War of the Recapture of Jerusalem - Crusades in response to the capture of the Holy Land of the Christians, which was taken in the Muslim conquest of the Levant (632–661). In the end, it led to the recapture of Jerusalem in 1096 AD - 1099 CE
  • 1917 AD - The Zionist Movement Successfully Seizes Palestine - After World War I, finally the British succeeded in capturing Palestine from Ottoman rule in 1917. After that, the British Foreign Minister, Arthur Balfour, issued a declaration to support the Zionist movement, in the context of forming a Jewish state in Palestine.
  • 1947 CE - The United Nations approves the division of Palestine into two states, namely one Jewish state and one Arab state.
  • 1948 AD - Israel Proclaims Its Independence

Literatur :
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaza
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daud
http://javawindows.web.id
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad
http://khazanah.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/khazanah/17/12/08/p0mre2396-saat-umar-bin-khattab-masuk-yerusalem
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masjid_Umar_(Yerusalem)
http://wassito.blogspot.co.id/2010/02/umar-bin-khatab-634-644-m-profil.html

Photo: Special
It has already been uploaded on: Monitor Bekasi

Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture