Window of Archipelago

Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

Found the Oldest Pyramid in the World - 25000 BC and Beyond

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - Estimated existence of Gunung Padang Site in 25,000 BC - 14,500 BC

Gunung Padang Site (SGP) is a prehistoric site of Megalithic cultural heritage in West Java. Precisely located at the border of Gunungpadang and Panggulan Hamlets, Karyamukti Village, Campaka District, Cianjur Regency. The location can be reached 20 kilometers from the intersection of the town of WarungKondang sub-district, on the road between the City of Cianjur Regency and Sukabumi. The area of ​​the "building" complex is approximately 900 m², located at an altitude of 885 m above sea level, and the area of ​​this site is around 3 ha, making it the largest punden complex in Southeast Asia.

The first report on the existence of this site was published in Rapporten van de Oudheidkundige Dienst (ROD, "Bulletin of the Antiquities") in 1914. Dutch historian NJ Krom had also touched on it in 1949. After being "forgotten", in 1979 three local residents, Endi, Soma, and Abidin, reported to Edi, Culture Inspector of Campaka District, regarding the existence of a large pile of stones of various sizes arranged in a terraced place leading to Mount Gede [1]. Next, together with the Head of Culture Section of the Department of Cultural Education in Cianjur Regency, R. Adang Suwanda, he held a check. The follow-up is an archeological, historical and geological study conducted by the Arkenas Research Center in 1979 of this site.

The location of the site is steep and difficult to reach. The complex is elongated, covering the surface of a hill bounded by a large square andesite stone lined. The site is surrounded by very deep valleys [1]. This place had indeed been rescued by local residents. [2] Residents consider it the place of King Siliwangi, king of Sunda, trying to build a palace overnight.

The function of the Gunungpadang site is thought to be a place of worship for the people who lived there around 2000 years S.M. [2] The results of Rolan Mauludy's and Hokky Situngkir's research indicate the possibility of involving music from some existing megalith stones [3]. Besides Gunungpadang, there are several other sites in Cianjur which are a relic of the megalithic period.

Since March 2011 the Ancient Catastrophy Research Team formed by the Office of the Special Staff of the President for Social Assistance and Disasters, in a survey to see active Cimandiri fault activities that cross from the Port of Ratu to Padalarang through Mount Padang. When the team conducted a subsurface survey on Mount Padang, it was discovered that there was no magma intrusion. Then the research team conducted a survey below the surface of Mount Padang more fully with the geophysical methodology, namely geoelectric, georadar, and geomagnetic in the Site area. The result, the more convincing that Mount Padang is a hill made or formed by humans (man-made). In November 2011, a team led by Dr. Danny Hilman Natawidjaja, made up of earth experts, is increasingly convinced that Mount Padang was made by past humans who have lived in the area.

The survey and research results were then presented at various scientific meetings both at national and international levels, and even received appreciation from Prof. Dr. Oppenheimer. Then the ancient catastrophic team initiated the formation of a research team focused on conducting further studies at Mount Padang, where the research members were expanded and involved various disciplines and various expertise. Call it Dr. Ali Akbar is a prehistoric researcher from the University of Indonesia, who leads research in archeology. Then Pon Purajatnika, M.Sc., led research in the field of architecture and territories, Dr. Budianto Ontowirjo led the civil structure research, and Dr. Andang Bachtiar, a paleosedimentologist, led the research on sedimentary layers on Mount Padang. The entire research team was incorporated in the Gunung Padang Independent Research Team which was facilitated by the President's Special Staff Office for Social Assistance and Disasters. Interestingly, all research funding was carried out independently of the research members.

The findings of the Gunung Padang independent research team were finally carried out by carbon radiometric tests (carbon dating, C14). Interestingly the results of carbon tests in the Miami Beta laboratory, in Florida USA, menera that the carbon obtained from drilling at a depth of 5 meters to 12 meters is 14,500-25,000 years old. The results of the full report are as follows: The building beneath the surface of the Gunung Padang site is scientifically proven to be older than the Giza Pyramid. This refers to the results of carbon dating dating from the Batan Laboratory (Indonesia) with the LSC C14 method of paleosoil material at -4m depth at the coring 1 drill location, the age of paleosoil material was 5500 +130 years BP ago. Whereas sand material testing at depths of -8 s.d. -10 m at the location of coring drill 2 is 11000 + 150 years.

Surprising and consistent results released by the Beta Analytic Laboratory in Miami, Florida, last week he added where the age of the layers from a depth of about 5 meters to 12 meters bada drill 2 age around 14500 - 23000 BC / or older. While some samples are consistent with what was done at the BATAN Lab. We know that this laboratory in Miami Florida has an international standard which is often used as a reference for various world studies, especially related to carbon dating.

Both of these laboratories answered the doubts of many parties over the test sample in the BATAN laboratory. Previously, an independent integrated research team had conducted an age-related test at Gunung Padang in the BATAN laboratory, but there were not many positive responses, even doubted. Though the results obtained by the two laboratories are not much different, it is time for us to believe in the ability and quality of scientists and national laboratories such as BATAN, the following results of tests in the two laboratories:

1. Age of soil near the surface (60 cm below the surface), around 600 years BC (carbon dating results from samples obtained by the Archaeologist, Dr. Ali Akbar, a member of the integrated research team at the National Atomic Agency Laboratory (BATAN);

2. The age of the sand-gravel layer at a depth of about 3-4 meters in Bor-1 which underlies the Mount Padang Site on it (so it can be considered age when the Mount Padang Site in the upper layer is made) around 4700 years BC or older (taken from BATAN analysis results;

3. Aged soil at a depth of 4 meters is thought to be man made stuctures with sand filled spaces (at a depth of 8-10 meters) under Terrace 5 on Drill-2, around 7600-7800 BC (Lab Miami Florida);

4. Age of sand filling cavities at depths of 8-10 meters in Bor-2, around 11,600 years BC or older (Batan Lab);

5. Age of layers from depths of about 5 meters to 12 meters, around 14500 - 25000 BC / or older (Miami Florida lab).

Previously, the ancient catastropic research team and the Gunung Padang independent research team continued to find several important things:

The opening of the bushes on the southeast side of terrace 5 downwards found 20 levels of terraced terraced terraces compiled by communities of mutual cooperation culture having advanced technological capabilities. This terraced punden terraces break previous research hypotheses that the Padang mountain site only consists of 5 terraces on an area of ​​900 m2. With the opening of 20 terracing levels indicate that the Padang mountain site is very large. It is estimated that the main core zone of the Padang mountain site is larger than 25 hectares.

The opening of the bushes and the results of Georadar's ultrasound scan on the east side of terrace 2 downward found the shape of the man-made gate structure. The results of sampling with drill coring 1, ensuring a man-made structure to a depth of -27m from the surface of terrace 3. The results of sampling with drill coring 2, found a large man-made cavity structure containing sand with very uniform granules. Geomagnetic measurement results found a large magnetic field anomaly on terrace 2.

6. The existence of signs in the form of pictures or man-made hollows on each stone on the terrace 1 s.d. 5. Research on the meaning of the form of images and letters formed on andesite breccia stones is the latest thing.

In addition to research and surveys, literature studies continue to be conducted. Just mention in the 16th century Bujangga Manik Manuscript mentioned a place of "kabuyutan" (ancestral place respected by Sundanese people) in the upper reaches of Ci Sokan, a river that is known to have been upstream around this place [4]. According to legend, Gunungpadang Site is a regular meeting place (possibly annual) of all traditional leaders of the Old Sundanese community. Currently this site is also still used by native Sundanese religious groups to worship.

Research whether under the surface of Mount Padang there are buildings have been carried out by several expert teams: 1. Teams from the ESDM geological agency; 2. The team from the Ministry of Research and Technology 3. National Archeology Team; 4. An ancient catastrophic team which later became an integrated independent research team. The first, second, and third teams have concluded that there are no buildings beneath the surface of Mount Padang. The area of ​​Padang Mountain is 900 square meters since it was discovered by NJ Chrome. This is the final conclusion that officially the results of his research are written. The fourth team, the Integrated Research Team independently concluded differently and had found strong evidence as an initial fact that there was a building beneath the surface of Mount Padang, and its area was far greater than it is now as the other three teams concluded. With the principle of respecting differences and maintaining research ethics, it is the duty of the integrated team to further prove the overall hypothesis. The integrated team will keep its promise, the next few days the research will continue. Expected to be no more than one month, new findings of Indonesian history will be announced. We hope that the public will supervise, experts hold each other back and respect the continuity of the research and all of the research findings later. We build a healthy climate in the world of Indonesian research. We are sure the four teams that examined Mount Padang have the same intellectual intentions and honesty. Skepticism is not forbidden, it is a feature of true scientists. And, the nature of true scientists is also to turn skepticism into support if it turns out all the hypotheses are proven.

When viewed from above, the mountain of the desert looks very exact in shape with the pyramids in Egypt. age is estimated to be much older than the Egyptian pyramids around 10,000 years BC. because the real mountain is not a mountain but a mountain shaped like a pyramid that has been exposed to volcanic ash that looks like a mountain that has been overgrown with trees. in the mountain field is believed to have space inside which has now been buried in the ground.

In the site of Padang mountain, musical instruments are found in the form of rectangular stones that are bumpy at the top. If each wave is hit, it will make a different sound from one wave to another. and the stone instrument can be played correctly.

There are some people who believe that the Mount Padang site has a connection with the pyramid site in Egypt, because of its shape which is similar to the space inside and because of its age that is much older than the pyramid in Egypt. At present the Padang site is still under review.

Explore the mysteries of the Mount Padang site. The age of Mount Padang's "pyramid" is estimated to be 4,700-10,900 years before Christ - compare it to the Giza pyramid in Egypt, which is only 2,500 BC. But the proof is not optimal, and this causes geologists to doubt the "pyramid". Too early to announce. Therefore Gunung Padang's Integrated Research Team continues its research in 2013.

Until now Mount Padang has become a byword after the Ancient Catastrophic Team examined the fault of the Cimandiri Fault, about four kilometers to the north of the site.

Controversy erupted after Andi Arief released a pyramid under Mount Padang at the beginning of last year. "Whatever the name and shape, what is clear below are spaces. Glance is not like a mountain, like man-made." said Andi Arief

His suspicion originated from the shape of Mount Padang which is almost an isosceles triangle when viewed from the north. Previously, the Team also found a similar form on Mount Sadahurip in Garut and Bukit Dago Pakar in Bandung while researching the Lembang Fault.

Andi Arief said his team's work on Mount Padang was almost complete. For matters of excavation, he raised his hand because it required a large fee. However, Andi Arief together with the Gunung Padang Independent Research Integrated Team continued to carry out research and surveys to find out more below the surface of Mount Padang with a variety of methodologies, both geophysical, archeological, paleosedimentation, architecture and region, and others. It is planned that this team will continue to work until March 2014.

Towards the end of 2012, researchers from Gunung Padang's Independent Research Integrated Team held a meeting to evaluate the results of research and surveys in 2012 and plan further research on Mount Padang. The meeting was attended by reliable geologists, Dr. Danny Hilman Natawijaya, paleosedimentologist, Dr. Andang Bachtiar, young archeologist prehistoric expert, Dr. Ali Akbar, cultural expert, Dr. Lily Tjahjandari, architect and area practitioner, Pon Purajatnika, complexity and astronomy expert, Hokky Situngkir, Rolan Mauludi, civil modeling expert, Dr. Budianto Ontowirjo, petrographic expert, Dr. Andri S Subandrio, geophysicalist, Erick Ridzky, and of course also attended by the team's initiator, Andi Arief.

The meeting, which was held at the President's Special Staff Office on December 18, 2012, produced new views from the experts who are members of the Independent Research Integrated Team to explain and discuss research findings and steps forward. The Geology Team considers that the surveys and studies conducted have reached 99% and have received complete data both from geoelectric, georadar, and geomagnetic survey data, and other geophysical aids. Apart from of course satellite imagery, IFSAR photographs, contours and digital elevation model (DEM) maps. From the various data produced, coupled with proof of paleosedimentation at several sampling drill points, as well as petrographic analysis, it can be concluded scientifically that there is indeed a man-made structure beneath the surface of the Gunung Padang site.

The subsurface building is also certain to have chambers and other structural forms (alleged caves or aisles), as well as the tendency for magnetic anomalies in various passages of geophysical devices. This finding is further strengthened by the findings of the archaeological team who managed to find artifacts in the west and east of the Gunung Padang building also revealed, especially outside the current definitive site. Even the initial findings of the artifact in the form of a curved stone on the east side of the site, indicate a strong suspicion as a "entrance" into the subsurface of the building on Mount Padang. These archeological findings, the latest findings since the site was first discovered.

In addition, the civilian team and architects have reached an advanced stage, in addition to describing various types of stone pieces (which show human intervention and technology at that time), also exposing the extent of the site that is much larger than it is now. This team has found a structure that is almost similar to the findings in Sumba, West Nusa Tenggara. Previously, the architecture team found similarities with the Peruvian Machupichu pyramid.

In the near future more detailed imaginary structures will be made based on existing comparisons. While the astronomy team will complete the timeline findings of the year of manufacture that can be scientifically carried out outside the results of radio-carbon dating that has been carried out until validation in two labs, the National Atomic Agency labpratorium and the radio-carbon laboratory in Miami Florida, United States.

What will be done going forward? All teams continue to work with concentration points at locations outside the site. The archeology team is at the forefront of opening the "door to civilization" of our extraordinary ancestors. The form and contents in it will automatically be revealed. We hope that the continuation of this research will run smoothly, and will always be announced publicly.

It was realized that this research did not only belong to researchers but belonged to the wider community. We hope that it does not stop at opening the door of civilization, more than that something useful and felt directly by the people, there is an impact on the welfare of the people of today and the future.

In early January 2013 the Archaeological Team led by the young archeologist at the University of Indonesia, Ali Akbar, re-released the findings of 5 old graves in the area that is now the object of his research. The discovery could reveal a new veil that the surrounding community was the first to discover the Gunung Padang site. It was stated that the discovery of 5 tombs on the terrace side of the five sites, which have artifacts (gravestones) read only 2 graves. Based on his observations, the tomb was in the area of ​​the megalithic site around the 1900s. From some of the tombs, there is one tomb which gives a little description of the existence of the tomb of a pair of graves. Ali Akbar explained, that when viewed from the shape of his tomb, it is an Islamic tomb. One headstone is inscribed with Latin letters and the other is inscribed with Arabic letters. According to his explanation, the finding of the old tomb meant that there were people who lived and settled there. Then there was a pause until NJ Krom found the site and reported it to the Dutch government in 1914.

On one of the gravestones is written a Latin inscription that explains the name of a buried body named "Hadi Winata" who died in 1947. The deceased is also written to die at the age of 68 years, meaning the deceased was born in 1879. On another grave, the same grave, also stated Arabic writings, the gravestone reads 'prabu' and there is a hijri year, 1356 H. It is estimated that the buried body is a noble class if at first glance observed from the Latin name listed on the headstone and also the words 'Prabu' in the Arabic letter headstone. The researchers are still working to be able to estimate the age of other tombs in the area of ​​Mount Padang.

Further Research Early January-2013 2013 Integrated Research Team Independent led by Dr. Danny Hilman Natawidjaja (earth expert), Dr. Ali Akbar (archeologist), Dr. Andang Bachtiar (paleosedimentologist) re-conducted further research and surveys, stating that, beneath the surface of Mount Padang: There was an unnatural geological structure, with hypotheses of ancient advanced technology.

This time the Team conducted an archaeological excavation and a detailed geoelectric survey around the excavation of the eastern slope of the hill, outside the fence of the cultural heritage site.

The archeology team led by DR. Ali Akbar from the University of Indonesia. The team found evidence that confirmed the team's hypothesis that underground Gunung Padang was a man-made structure consisting of andesitic stone columns, the same as a stone terrace structure that had been exposed, and made a cultural site on a hill. Seen in the feature surface dug box, the composition of the andesite column has been buried in a layer of soil as thick as half to two meters mixed with chunks of andesite column fragments.

Archaeological digging team Dr. Team Ali Akbar UI. shows the surface of the building which is composed of andesite column stones that have been covered by a layer of soil with pieces of rock fragments. This column stone position extends parallel to the layer.

Andesite column stones are arranged in a horizontal approach with an elongated direction almost west-east (about 70 degrees from north to east - N 70 E), the same as the direction of the arrangement of stone columns on the east-west wall of terrace one, and up steep steep slopes connecting terrace one with terrace two. From the horizontal position of the andesite column stones and the direction of the layers, it can be concluded with certainty, that the column stones or "columnar joints" are not in natural condition.

Column rocks that result from cooling and weathering of lava rock / volcanic intrusion in nature, the lengthwise direction of the column will be perpendicular to the direction of the layer or flow as found in many places in the world. The appearance of the rock-column arrangement revealed in the dug box does look extraordinarily neat like natural conditions.

So it is not surprising that at the end of 2012 there was another team of archaeologists working separately, and they have joined in digging here to conclude that the andesite column rocks beneath the ground are the source of their natural rocks; perhaps because they have not considered the geological aspects completely, and also do not know subsurface structural data as shown by the results of the geoelectric survey.

Ancient cement

Even more surprising is the discovery of filling material between the stones of this column. Even among them there are stone columns that have broken into pieces, but arranged and reunited by filler material, or we call it ancient cement.

Increasingly underneath the excavation box, this ancient cement looks more and more, and is evenly as thick as 2 centimeters between the column stones. Aside from being dug in the box, this ancient cement has also been found on the steep steps between terraces one and two, and also on drill core samples from 1 to 15 meters deep from drilling carried out by the team in 2012 on the site.

The team's geologist and also the central coach of the Indonesian Geologist Association, DR. Andang Bachtiar, based on the results of a chemical analysis he conducted on ancient cement samples from steep terraces one to two, found even more surprising facts. It turns out that this cement material has a main composition of 45% iron minerals and 41% silica minerals. The rest is 14% clay minerals, and there is also a carbon element. This is a good composition for a very strong adhesive cement.

Perhaps it combines the concept of making resins, or modern adhesives from the main raw material of silica, and the use of concentrations of iron which are used to strengthen red bricks. The high content of silica indicates that this cement is not the result of weathering from surrounding andesite column rocks that are poor in silica.

Then, iron levels in nature, even in rocks in ore mineral mining, are generally no more than 5% iron content, so that the iron content of "Gunung Padang cement" is many times higher than natural conditions.

Therefore it can be concluded that the material between the andesite column stones is a man-made cement mixture. That is, the technology of that era seems to have been familiar with metallurgy. Andang explained, that one common technique for obtaining high concentrations of iron is to carry out the combustion process of crushed rocks with very high temperatures. Similar to making red brick, which burns kaolinite and illite clay to produce high iron concentrations in the brick.

Ancient Metallurgy?

This indication of the existence of ancient metallurgical technology was further strengthened by the discovery of a 10 centimeter thick material such as metal by Ali Akbar's team at a depth of 1 meter on the eastern slope of Mount Padang. This rusty metal material has a small rough cavity surface on its surface. It is suspected that this material is the residual combustion metal mixture ("slug") which is still mixed with carbon material which is the combustion material, can be from wood, coal or other. Cavities that might occur due to the release of CO2 gas when burning. The team will conduct further lab analysis to investigate this.

No less surprising is the estimated age of this ancient cement. The results of radiometric analysis of the carbon content in several cement samples in the core drill from a depth of 5-15 meters conducted in 2012 at the prestigious BETALAB laboratory, Miami, USA in mid-2012 showed ages in the range of 13,000 to 23,000 years ago. Then, the results of carbon dating from the soil layers that cover the composition of the andesite column stone at a depth of 3-4 meters in Terrace 5 indicate the age of around 8700 years ago.

Previous results of carbon dating conducted in the BATAN laboratory from quartz-dominant sand that filled the cavity between the andesite columns at a depth of 8-10 meters below Terrace Five, also showed the same age range, which was around 13,000 years ago.

That fact is very controversial because mainstream knowledge does not yet recognize or acknowledge that there was a (high) civilization at this time, anywhere in the world, especially in the archipelago which is said to be pre-historic many believed to still be primitive even though the nature was extraordinarily beautiful and rich; while in the barren region of the Egyptian desert one can build a very extraordinary pyramid building. But the facts on Mount Padang speak differently. It is not impossible that the archipelago nation has a civilization as advanced as ancient Egyptian civilization, even at a much older time.

The building structure of the arrangement of column stones up to 50 cm in diameter with a length of more than 1 meter has been very spectacular because of how ancient people can arrange these huge heavy stones so neatly and also cemented by special material dough. Furthermore, the geoelectric survey conducted around the location of excavation by the geology / geophysics team from LabEarth LIPI, reveals the fact that is no less fantastic than the features of this ancient building below the surface.

This latest survey is a detailed survey following on from dozens of 2-D, 3-D geoelectric survey trajectories and georadar surveys that have been carried out in 2011, 2012 and early 2013 on the entire Mount Padang body, from the foot to the top of the hill.

The results of the geoelectric survey show that the layers of stone columns seen in the excavation box can be followed up until they are united beneath the body of the Gunung Padang site on the hill, and also extends far into the foothills.

Cross-section of subsurface structures based on rock resistivity from geoelectric trajectories through archeological testpits. The building layer of the andesite column arrangement looks continuously to the bottom of the site on the hill and also to the foot of the hill. Underneath it looks unique geometry which is thought to still be a building. Survey equipment uses R8 Supersting and Earth Imager software. The above model uses the method of Average Resistivity. The RMS value shows that the simulation results of this model have a difference / error rate of only 4% compared to the survey data.

Lava Rock Puzzle

This fact supports the results of the research of the architect Pon Purajatniko, an integrated team member who also served as Chairman of the West Java Architecture Expert Association, who first threw up the idea of ​​the structure of the terraces of Mount Padang similar to the Michu Pichu site in Peru.

Until now excavations have been carried out to a depth of only 4 meters, but geoelectric surveys show that underneath there are still buildings with geometric features that look amazing to depths of more than 10 meters. The results of geoelectric surveys, and georadar have also been able to show subsurface (geological) structures that form the morphology of the Mount Padang hill is a layer of rock with a thickness of 30-50 meters that has very high resistivity values ​​(thousands of Ohm-Meters) shaped like a tongue with an almost horizontal position, in line with the hills extending north-south, and sloping gently to the north. So it is also in tune with the steps of the terrace built on it.

This tongue-shaped stone layer also has a flat inclined plane towards the west and east of the hill in harmony with the slope. This lava layer is at a depth of more than 10 meters below the surface.

From the drilling data conducted by DR. Andang Bachtiar and also microscopic analysis of rocks from drill core samples conducted by DR. Andri Subandrio, volcano rock geologist from the Lab. Petrology ITB, we can be sure the rock body with high resistivity is andesite lava rock, the same as the type of column stone from the Gunung Padang site. Another interesting thing from petrological analysis is the finding of the number of microscopic cracks in thin andesite column stone incisions that are suspected to be non-natural. You see, the crack cuts the constituent mineral crystals.

From many geoelectric sections, it is seen that this andesite lava tongue has an intrusion neck (a source of breakthrough volcanic rock from below) located on the southern slope area of ​​the Mount Padang site. So after the hot liquid intrusion magma reaches the surface then flows north, and after it cools to form the lava tongue. What remains a big puzzle is whether the body of lava rock in the belly of Mount Padang is the source of the andesite column stones used to construct the site?

Might be right. Until now there were no sources of andesite column rocks within a radius of several kilometers from Mount Padang. The problem is there are no traces of mining, or layers of lava exposed in the Mount Padang area.

So, if people hypothesize that the source of the rock is from a hill, then inevitably have to also assume that the lava layer was once exposed, or mined by ancient humans, then only the column stones that have been taken and rearranged to cover the whole body of lava became a masterpiece of a great architectural monument.

It should also be noted that extracting andesite column stones from the parent rock is not easy. He must be able to separate the large and heavy stones intact from the parent rock in very large numbers. It is different from ordinary rock mining which does not need to worry about broken rock, for example by dynamite blasting. What is clear for the present century or hundreds of years back in this world there has never been mining of andesite column stones to be used as building bricks.

More awesome than Borobudur?

Research on Mount Padang has not yet been completed. The Integrated Research Team of Mandiri, although without the assistance of state funds, will continue to work hard to examine many of the great mysteries that have not yet been revealed. Including drilling, or excavation in order to prove more clearly the existence of building structures and spaces below 4-5 meters depth.

Likewise, age site retrieval. Although it has been done carefully and carefully, it still needs to be rechecked with better samples, because this age is very vital for the final conclusions later.

The team also suspected the Gunung Padang site was most likely not built in one time, but a product of more than one layer of culture. For example, what makes column stones become menhirs is not necessarily the same as people who make column stones with ancient cement. Likewise, the structure of andesite columns on the surface, or which has been buried a few meters below, is not necessarily built in a time with the structure underneath again.

Research by the Independent Research Integrated Team shows that the shoulder to shoulder from various disciplines with complementary research methods is needed to uncover the cultural heritage of the archipelago. The problem of Mount Padang can no longer be ruled out. Although many questions remain unanswered, and the analysis is incomplete, the results of existing studies provide much important information.

There is also hope that the Mount Padang site has the potential to be equivalent to Borobudur, with an important meaning because it can be a breakthrough in knowledge about "the craddle of civilizations" in this century. It can be a proof of the great monument of the oldest civilization of Adijaya in the world, which, for whatever reason, was destroyed thousands of years ago in the pre-history of Indonesia.

footnote
    ^ a b Megalithic Age Heritage Site on Mount Padang is Getting Abandoned. Kapanlagi.com 08 September 2005 edition
    ^ a b Jafar M. Sidik. Stare at "Old Indonesia" on Mount Padang. Between online. September 17, 2009 edition
    ^ Rolan Mauludy and Hokky Situngkir Musical Tradition in Megalithic Site of Indonesian Gunung Padang?
    ^ Budi Brahmantyo. The majesty of the Mount Padang Megalithic Site. People's Mind. January 20, 2006 edition.
    ^ [http: //analysis.news.viva.co.id/news/read/401651-gunung-padang--mahakarya-perdeka-yang- missing "Mount Padang, A Masterpiece of the Lost Civilization"]. April 03, 2013.

See also
Cibuaya site

Reference
    The site of Mount padang at cianjur.go.id
    Photo Album of Gunung Padang

External links
    West Java "Gunung Padang" Megalith, Indonesian Version "Stone Henge"
    Article about the Gunung Padang site in Kompas
    Article about the possibility of ancient musical instruments on the site of Mount Padang
    Gunung Padang is wider than Borobudur
    Found 5 Old Tombs on Mount Padang


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Site_Gunung_Padang

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The "Mount Padang" pyramid is estimated to be 4,700-10,900 BC before comparing it to the Giza pyramid in Egypt. However, the evidence is not yet optimal, and this causes geologists to doubt the "pyramid of light". Too early to announce. Andi Arief said his team's work on Mount Padang was almost complete. For matters of excavation, he raised his hand because it required a large fee.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piramida

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The Grandest, Biggest and Oldest Gunung Padang Site in World Prehistoric Period (2,500 BC to 1,500 BC)

CIANJUR - Gunung Padang Independent Research Integrated Team found interesting findings from the excavation on the south of terrace 5. The team found various rocks, such as backfill. The team suspects that it was a product of human waste. Even so, what purpose, not yet known.

"The team's temporary suspicion is just to balance the building. Because the orientation of Mount Padang is facing Mount Gede, so it is slightly tilted from the contour of the land, "said one researcher, Arkelog UI, DR. Ali Akbar.

These findings reinforce the suspicion of Gunung Padang as a multi-component site, or a site used by more than one culture. Previously, from the results of the drilling conducted by the Geology Team, it was estimated that there had been two layers of culture in Mount Padang.

Based on a comparison of the structure of the Gunung Padang building with other megalithic findings - such as in Pasir Angin, Lebak Cibadak, or Pugung Raharjo - most archaeologists believe Mount Padang originated in the Megalithic period between 2,500 BC to 1,500 BC.

Broadly speaking, Ali Akbar said that this research succeeded in drawing the conclusion that the mountain punden of Mount Padang is a magnificent and spacious building. If previously the site area of ​​Mount Padang was estimated to be limited to the lower stairs to the five terraces above, this study showed that Gunung Padang was a large building surrounded by terraces. The extent of reaching almost 15 hectares with a height of about 100 meters. This is equal to 10 times the area of ​​Borobudur.

The technology for making terracing is fairly advanced, because it can prevent landslides. Interestingly, the terraces on Mount Padang are similar to Machu Picchu. This is certainly special, because the Machu Picchu was built by the Incas around the 15th century AD, while Mount Padang was estimated to have been built in the Megalithic period in prehistoric times. This means that this technology was already in Indonesia around 20 Century before it was discovered on the American continent.

The archeologist from UI said that Gunung Padang has the potential to become the largest prehistoric building in the world. In comparison, most megalithic sites in other regions, especially Europe, generally only consist of separate findings. Menhir or sarcophagus findings are usually spread over a large complex, but not in a single building.

While on Mount Padang, all are one unit of a building complex. Inside were also found various menhirs and terraces, which experts allegedly used as a place of worship.

"This prospect of making Gunung Padang the largest prehistoric building in the world, is huge. Some estimate this site could originate from 500 BC. But, in our estimation, Gunung Padang comes from an older age, "said Dr. Akli Akbar. (NO)

Source: http://www.koridortimur.com/situs-gunung-padang-termegah-best-dan-tertua-di-masa-prasejarah-dunia/


Photo: Special

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