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Maluku tribal migration to the Netherlands

Main Literacy
Denpasar (Dreamland Library) - Original Title: Maluku Museum Closed Today (1 October 2012)

The Maluku Museum (MuMa) in Utrecht, which in Dutch, Moluks Historij Museum (Maluku History Museum), is the center of Maluku's history and culture, with most of the contents of the collection containing the Moluccan community in the Netherlands (especially the Moluccans who migrated to the Netherlands ). Before telling a story about MuMa, it would be best if I told you about the History of the Moluccan People in the Netherlands who were adapted back from brochures originating from MuMa.

History of Moluccans in the Netherlands (source: MuMa)

Maluku is very famous as a spice-producing islands (Cloves and Nutmeg), so traders from various parts of the world come directly to trade. The arrival of these traders was also part of the spread of Religion, and political control. The Portuguese, Spanish, English and Dutch took turns controlling the islands. The presence of VOC (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) had a big influence on the change in Maluku. The VOC monopolized trade and politics for up to two centuries. Cooperation and resistance coincided and alternated between the Moluccans and the Dutch colonialists. In World War II, there were Moluccans who helped the Dutch against Japan and were opposed to the return of the Dutch government after the war.

In Indonesia's decolonization, there were Moluccans who were on the Dutch side and there were those on the Indonesian side. A total of 12,500 people came to the Netherlands as one of the final parts of this decolonization.

They departed by ship Inten City to the port of Rotterdam on March 21, 1951. This was the longest and furthest group trip for them. They all believed that they would return to their homeland immediately, and no one expected to stay in the Netherlands for a long time.

Upon arrival in the Netherlands, they were scattered throughout the Netherlands, in vacation spots, monasteries, places for unemployment and places of defense from war-era Germany such as Wasterbork and Vught. These places are far removed from Dutch settlement. For the Dutch, they were the largest foreign colony ever.

Due to an uncertain fate, Maluku's relations with the Dutch government became bad, marked by suspicion, misunderstanding and clashes. Various conflicts ensued, including among the Moluccans themselves, along with differences in religion, region and political views.

One important split occurred between people from Central Maluku (Ambonese) and those from Southern Maluku ('Orang Kei').

The children who joined this large group became adults in the sixties and seventies. They (the 2nd generation) chose the path of violence to call attention to the ideals of the State itself and because of their anger over the fate of their parents. Violence after violence occurred in the Netherlands, such as the occupation of Wassenaar (1970), Amsterdam (1975), Bovensmilde (1977), Assen (1977); Railroad hijacking in Wijster (1975) and De Punt (1977) greatly rocked the Netherlands.

I add,

At the time of the 3rd generation and the presence of the 4th generation (at this time), the Moluccans began to spread and increasingly rooted in Dutch society. Even one of the Dutch national team soccer players is from this generation. Among the Dutch people, the Moluccans are known as the 'Gede Satu' Motorcycle Gede

The history of the Moluccans in the Netherlands is not yet complete, as long as the root of the problem has not been solved wisely, coupled with the shakiness of the Dutch government due to the economic crisis.

Maluku Museum (MuMa)

MuMa is located at the intersection of Jalan Kruisstraat and Jalan Biltstraat, not far from the Utrecht city center station. I visited this museum with a friend who studied in the Netherlands. We met at Utrech Central Station, after chatting and drinking coffee as an energy booster, we headed for the museum by taking the bus. Enough to ask the officers at the Station, about the location of the Maluku Museum, they will quickly steer to the Bus what they should ride. Apparently this museum is quite famous in Utrech City.

After riding the bus that passes MuMa, in less than 30 minutes we have gotten off at the bus stop near the museum. I am not very difficult to find MuMa, because I have already seen it on Google Earth, especially in its 360 degree photos, so that I can easily identify its location. MuMa is located at a crossroads, with large writing on the corner of the building.

We immediately entered the MuMa and bought tickets. The officer was only one person at the time, Ms. Neli's name. He kindly welcomed and invited us in.

The MuMa building is a former Old building, which has improved its interior. The showroom occupies the repaired room. While the auditorium is a room in a new inner building, there is also a garden / inner court for outdoor / outdoor activities.

In MuMa there is also a cafeteria and sale souvenirs typical of Maluku (books, music albums, postcards)

The MuMa collection room begins with historical data on Maluku, beginning with the entry of Islam and Christianity into the Dutch colonial period. The next room which is the most complete and detailed collection room is the collection room about the arrival of the early generation of Moluccans to the Netherlands. All matters relating to the process of leaving until the arrival of the exodus entourage from Maluku to the Netherlands after the Dutch Military Aggression were well presented and interesting, in the form of photos, videos, sound recordings and items carried by the Moluccans. Even the rooms and kitchens have been made with original furniture since 1951. In these spaces, I share how sad and ironic the former KNIL soldiers from Maluku who chose to settle in the Netherlands rather than their own homeland. The showrooms are so strong with the 'spirit' that brought us the feel of 1951.

MuMa's auditorium is arranged with good acoustics for music, dance and theater performances. Maluku people in the Netherlands often use this space for various shows.

At the end of the showroom, I found a Maluku family who were the 3rd and 4th generation visiting and taking pictures in the Museum. They are a mixture of Ambon-Dutch, beautiful and exotic.

Apart from various collections and interactions with museum visitors, bad news blows that MuMa will soon be officially closed starting October 1, 2012. When I finished looking at the museum's collection, I met Mrs. Nelly again at the receptionist's desk. While ordering a cup of cappuccino at the museum cafe which is also served by Ms. Nelly, we ask about the fate of this museum. Ms. Nelly confirmed that MuMa would be officially closed because subsidies from the Dutch government would be stopped, so that MuMa could no longer operate. With a sad tone, Ms. Nelly said, 'What else can I do, operational funds for this museum are quite large, parties other than the government will not want to finance with such large funds'

I proceed with the question of how the fate of the MuMa collections, he replied flatly 'I did not know where the collections of this museum will be'

Tragically indeed, this is the impact of the economic crisis that is being faced by the Dutch government, as well as several other European countries. Budget cuts for a number of departments are inevitable, including termination of operational funds for this MuMa.

Museum with various interesting collections, historical evidence of the presence and development of the Moluccans in the Netherlands will only last until 30 September 2012.

So, what will happen to MuMa next?
(Trip notes for Maulana Ibrahim, Utrecht, Netherlands, June 2012)

Main Literacy

Source: http://sejarah.kompasiana.com/2012/10/01/museum-maluku- closed-day-ini-1-oktober-2012-498203.html


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