Window of Archipelago

La Galigo - Similar to the Koran but older than the Koran

Ujungpandang ( Dreamland Library ) - The Bugis in South Sulawesi, adheres to a belief in the Gods of Seuwae (the Only God). "The Bug...

History of the Prophet Ibrahim 1997 BC - 1822 BC

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - Abraham / Ibrahim is an important figure in the Bible and Al-Quran.

Abraham in the view of Samawi religion has a very important meaning, for Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

Abraham is the father of the three religions, while also indicating that the three departed from the same root of thought, namely monotheism. For this reason, Ibrahim is also called the Father of World Monotheism.

If Ibrahim was named the Father of World Monotheism from 1997 BC to 1822 BC, the Archipelago people have embraced Monotheism since the Early Civilization of 10,481 BC

While the slander of Animism and Dynamism in the Archipelago can be read in Labeling Theory

From the View of Jewish Religion
Judaism views Abraham as one of their ancestors. In the Hebrew Scriptures, God often declares himself to be "the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob".

This happened for example when God revealed himself to Moses in the wilderness in Midian:

"Again He said: 'I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.' Then Moses covered his face, because he was afraid to look at God. " (Exodus 3: 6).

From the View of Christianity
According to the Bible, Abraham was called by God from Mesopotamia to the land of Canaan, around 2000 BC.

There he made a covenant: Abraham was asked to acknowledge that Yahweh was God and the highest and only universal authority, and for that Abraham would be blessed with innumerable offspring.

His life told in Genesis (chapters 11-25) can reflect various traditions.

For Christians, Abraham is a father who is believed to be an example to everyone.

The letter of the Hebrews says this: "By faith Abraham obeyed, when he was called to go to the land which he would receive as his inheritance, then he departed without knowing where he was going. By faith, Abraham experienced trials, to offer up Isaac. He was the one who has received that promise, is willing to offer his only child "(Hebrews 11: 8, 17).

From the View of Islam
Islam regards Ibrahim as the father of the Mu'min people, He is an ideal example of a person called Mu'min.

This was demonstrated by his perfect surrender to God, with his willingness to slaughter his beloved son.

In Islam (the Qur'an), Abraham is called Ibrahim. He is one of the Five Prophets of Ulul Azmi, narrated, that Ibrahim made a long search for God.

Ibrahim once worshiped the Sun, Moon, and Stars, before finally worshiping God Almighty

Ibrahim was an opponent of his pagan society, including his father Azar. In the Qur'an it is also mentioned that Ibrahim was not a Jew or a Christian, but he was Muslim.

The Five Lines of the Prophet Ulul Azmi, and or who have the Book
  • Noah (Ulul Azmi) - 3,993 BC to 3,043 BC
  • Ibrahim (Ulul Azmi) - 1997 BC to 1822 BC
  • Moses (the Torah - Ulul Azmi) - 1527 BC to 1407 BC
  • David / David (Book of Zabur) - 1040 BC to 970 BC
  • Isa (Bible - Ulul Azmi) - 1 M to 32 AD
  • Muhammad (The Holy Qur'an - Ulul Azmi) - 571 AD 632 AD
Abraham's wives

Because Sarai could not conceive, God's promise that Abraham's descendants would inherit the promised land seemed impossible. Sarai, according to the custom at the time, gave her servant named Hagar to Abram.

First Wife (Sara / Sarai bint Uncle Prophet Ibrahim As)
When Abraham was 100 years old Sara gave birth to Isaac (Genesis 21: 5)

Sara died at the age of 127, when Isaac / Ishaq (the forerunner of the Jewish people) was 37 years old and was not married.

To bury Sara, Abraham bought a plot of land along with a cave called the Cave of Machpela from Efron the son of Zohar, the Hittite.

Abraham buried Sara in the cave of the Makhpela field, east of Mamre, which is Hebron in the land of Canaan.

Second Wife (Hagar / Hajar - daughter of the Qibthi nation - Egypt - al-Qibthiyah al-Misriyah)

When Hagar conceived Abram's son, he became arrogant and looked down on Sarai.

According to Christians, Sarai drove him out into the desert, and Prophet Ibrahim left them in the Paran Desert (East Egypt) with baby Ishmael.

According to Islam, Hajar then gave birth to Ismail. At that time, the Prophet Ibrahim left them (Hajar and Ismail) in Mecca

Then people add their names with the name Siti Hajar.

Ishmael was born when Abraham was 86 years old.

Third Wife (Ketura - Qanthura bint Yaqthan)
Siti Keturah is a term for Malay people, while in the book it is called qonturo bint yaqqton.

This woman gave birth to Zimran (Zamran), Yoksan (Yaqsyan), Medan, Midian (Madyan), Isybak (Nasyaq) and Suah (Saraj).

Yoksan begat Syeba and Dedan.
Dedan's descendants were Assyrians, Letushites, and Leums. Midian's sons were Efa, Efer, Enoch, Abida and Eldaa. Those are all descendants of Ketura.

Fourth Wife (Hajun bint Aminn)
Hajun gave birth to five children, namely: Kisan (Kaisan), Sauraj, Amim (Umaim), Luthan, and Nafis.

In the book of al-Kamil by Ibnul Athir it is mentioned Hajun bint Ahir.

Of the four wives mentioned above, the Prophet Ibrahim As had thirteen offspring.

It is said that there was one of Ibrahim's wives who had offspring in the archipelago (Still in the study of the Impiian Land)

Abram's heir

Indigenous View
According to custom at that time, which counted as a child is from a legitimate wife, in this case, Isaac was the most entitled to be called an heir.

Christian view
In Christianity, Isaac is Abram's heir

Hagar and Ishmael were then driven out by Sarai forever (Genesis 21)

In Christianity and Judaism it is stated that the so-called descendants of Abraham are from Isaac (Genesis 21:12)

The Bible says that Ishmael was a child born to a slave named Hagar, an Egyptian woman who was a slave to the family of Abraham - a servant to Sara.

Islamic view
In Islam, Ishmael is Abram's heir

Hagar was promised that his offspring would become so numerous, "that they could not be counted because of the number." So Hagar returned and her son Ishmael was the first descendant of Abram. (Ishmael was born when Abraham was 86 years old)

Abram's legacy
Abraham gave all his possessions to Isaac

To his other children, who were born by his concubines, he told them to leave Isaac and his son, to go east, to the Eastern Land.

End of life
Abram died at the age of 175, he died when he was old and his hair was all white. And at his request, to be gathered together with his ancestors.

So Isaac and Ishmael buried Abraham in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron, the son of Zohar, along with his wife Sara.

Centuries later this tomb became a place of religious visit and Muslims built the Ibrahim Mosque in this place.

  • Abraham was 75 years old when he left Haran for the land of Canaan (Genesis 12: 4).
  • Abraham was 85 years old when Sara gave Hagar his servant to Abraham to have children; at that time they had lived in Canaan for 10 years (Genesis 16: 3).
  • Abram was 86 years old when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael for him (Genesis 16:16)
  • Abraham was 99 years old when he was circumcised (Genesis 17:17 and 24).
  • Abraham was 100 years old when Sarah gave birth to Isaac for him (Genesis 21: 5).
  • Abraham died at the age of 175, when Isaac was 75 years old, Ishmael was 89 years (Genesis 23: 1), and Esau and Jacob were 15 years old (Genesis 25).
Abraham is older than
  • Sara: 9 years (Genesis 21: 5)
  • Ishmael: 86 years (Genesis 16, Genesis 17)
  • Isaac: 100 years (Genesis 17, Genesis 21)

Event Log

Ibrahim's parents
Abraham's real name is Abram, he is the son of Terah, originally from Ur of the Chaldeans.

Abram was born when Terah was 130 years old (remembering Abram was 75 years old when Terah died at the age of 205 years died in Haran).

Terah took Abram, from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to the land of Canaan, when they got to Haran, and settled there.

After Terah died at the age of 205, and Abram was 75 years old, Abram departed from Haran, heading for Canaan

Abraham's test of faith
Some time after the birth of Isaac, Abraham was commanded by God to sacrifice Isaac on Mount Moriah.

Before Abraham could obey this, he was prevented by an angel and he sacrificed a ram.

In return for this obedience he received another promise that he would make his descendants "very much like stars in the sky and like sand by the sea", and that they "would occupy the cities of their enemies."

Abraham's journey
God commanded Abram to go to "the land that I will show you", and promised to bless him and make him a great nation.

Believing in this promise, Abram went to Shechem, and received a new promise that the land would be given to his descendants.

After building an altar to commemorate this agreement, he went and pitched a tent between Bethel and Ai, where he built another altar and "called on the name of the Lord".

Here Abram stayed for some time, until there was a dispute between the shepherds, with Lot's shepherds.

Abram proposed to Lot that they separated, and allowed his nephew to choose first.

Lot chose fertile land east of the Jordan river.
While Abram, after receiving another promise from the LORD, went to Mamre, near Hebron, and built another altar to the Lord.

In Sodom
In the story of Lot and the annihilation of Sodom and Gomorrah, Abram appears and begs God to pity Sodom.

At that time, the LORD told Abram that He would come down and see whether they had really behaved like those who have reached Him or not.

In Egypt
Due to intense hunger, Abram and his family went to Egypt (26:11, 41:57, 42: 1), where he feared that the beauty of his wife would captivate the Egyptians.

Because of that he lied that Sarai was his sister. This did not save him from Pharaoh, who took him for his personal harem and gave Abram many cattle and slaves.

But when the LORD struck a terrible plague on Pharaoh, Abram and Sarai left Egypt.

Circumcision agreement
The name Abraham was given to Abram (and Sara to Sarai) at the same time as the circumcision agreement (Genesis 17), which is practiced in Judaism and Islam to this day.

Now Abraham was promised not only to have many descendants, but also that this descendant would come from Sarah, and also that the land where he lived would belong to his descendants.

This agreement was fulfilled through Isaac, even though God promised that Ishmael would become a great nation.

The covenant of circumcision (unlike other promises) has two sides and conditionals: if Abraham and his descendants fulfill their promise, the LORD will be their Lord and give them the land.

Jacob - Juda / Judah - Peres / Perez son of Juda - Hezron - Ram - Aminadab - Nahason / Nahshon - Salmon / Salma - Boaz - Obed - Jesse - David / David - ---- Jesus Christ

Jacob, later renamed Israel is the third ancestor of the nation of Israel as recorded in the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament in the Christian Bible. Son of Isaac and Rebekah; grandchildren of Abraham and Sarah.

Hebron to Mecca + 1400 km
The Law of the Prophet Musa (1527 BC to 1407 BC) + 2000 years earlier than the Koran of the Prophet Muhammad (571 AD 632 AD), explains that Ibrahim never went to Arabia.

Allah ordered him to go from his country, Ur Chaldean (in Iraq) to the land of Canaan (in Israel / Palestine).

He lived in the city of Beersheba until his death, but was buried in the cave of Makhpela in the city of Hebron (in Israel / Palestine).

The distance between the city of Hebron and Mecca is about 1400 km (Torah, Genesis 22).

Ismail also never went to Arab lands. After Ibrahim threw him out, "So Hagar went and wandered in Beersheba" (Torah, Genesis 21:14).

While Ishmael lived in the wilderness of Paran (Eastern Egypt), and his mother took a wife to Ishmael from the land of Egypt (Torah, Book of Genesis 21:21).

Summarized by Erwin Wildan

Literacy Sources:
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  • From various sources
Photo: Special

Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture