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Ibrahim (1997 BC) from the Islamic Viewpoint - 611 AD

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - Ibrahim (Arabic إبراهيم) (circa 1997-1822 BC) was a prophet in Samawi religion. He got the title from Allah with the title Khalil Allah (Friend of Allah). Besides that he was with his child,

Ismail is famous as the originator of the Kaabah. He was made a prophet around 1900 BC, sent to the Kaldans in the city of Ur, a country that is now called Iraq. Ibrahim is considered as one of the prophets Ulul azmi.

In the book entitled "Muhammad the Prophet" - A Detailed History of the Prophet Muhammad, by Omar Hashem, said that the name Ibrahim comes from two syllables, namely ib / ab (إب) and womb (راهيم). When put together, the name means "generous father."

Ibrahim ibn Azzar ibn Tahur ibn Sarush ibn Ra'uf ibn Falish ibn Tabir ibn Shaleh ibn Arfachshad ibn Sham ibn Noah. He was born in a place called Faddam, A'ram, which is located in the kingdom of Babylon. Then he has 2 sons who later became a prophet too, namely Ismail and Ishaq. Whereas Yaqub is the grandson of Ibrahim.

In 2,295 BC The kingdom of Babylon was ruled by a king who was cruel and had absolute and unjust authority, named Namrudz bin Kan'aan.

Because King Namrud received a sign that a baby will be born there and this baby will grow and seize the throne.

Among the nature of the people who will oppose this is that he will bring a religion that believes in one God and will be a stone idol destroyer. This human being will also cause King Namrud to die in a terrible manner.

Therefore King Namrud has directed all the babies born in this place to be killed, when the male and female groups have also been separated for a year.

Even though they are worried, God's will still happens.

Aazar's wife was pregnant but showed no signs of pregnancy.

One day she felt like it was time to give birth to a child and was aware if King Namrud knew that he and his child would surely be killed.

In fear, the prophet Ibrahim's mother had been hiding and giving birth to her child in a neighboring cave.

After that, he put the small stones in the baby's mouth and left him alone. A week later, she and her husband returned to the cave and were surprised to see the prophet Ibrahim a.s still alive.

For a week, the baby sucked the gap in his finger containing milk and other nutritious foods.

During the age of 15 months the body of the Prophet Ibrahim has been growing rapidly as a two-year-old child. So both his father and mother dared to take him home to their homes.

During adolescence, Abraham was often told by his father to go around the city peddling his sculptures, but because of faith and monotheism that had been inspired by God to him he was not eager to peddle these items even mockingly he offered his father's sculptures to prospective buyers with words : "Who will buy these useless statues?"

Looking for the real God
During the time of the Prophet Ibrahim, most people in Mesopotamia were polytheists, worshiping more than one God and embracing paganism.

The God of the Moon or Sin is one of the most important idols. Stars, moon and sun are the main objects of worship and hence, astronomy is a very important field. As a child the prophet Ibrahim a.s. often saw his father make the statues, then he tried to find the religious truth adopted by his family.

In the Bible (the book of events) tells about his search for truth. During the dark night, he saw a star (shining), then he said: "Is this my Lord?" Then when the star sets, he also said: "I do not like the lost sunset".

Then when he saw the moon rise (light up), he said: "Is this my Lord?" So after the moon went down, he said: "For the sake of truth, if I am not given guidance by my Lord, I will surely be from the people who have gone astray."

Then when he sees the sun rising (lights up), he says: "Is this my Lord? This is greater".

After sunset, he also said: "O my people, in fact I am free (clean) from what you allied (Allah with him)".

This is the power of logic which was awarded to him in rejecting the worship of the heavens who believed in his people and accepting the true god.

See the sign of God's Power
The Prophet Ibrahim, who was determined to fight the idolatry and idolatry that prevailed in his people, wanted to strengthen his faith and belief first, to reassure him and cleanse him of doubts that might disturb his mind by asking God to show him how he could revive creatures. dead creature.

He pleaded with God: "O my Lord! Show me how you raise dead creatures." God answered his request by saying: Do you not believe and believe in my authority? "

The Prophet Ibrahim replied: "Yes, O my Lord, I have believed and believed in You and in Your power, but I would love to see that with my own eyes, so that I may find peace and calm and so that it becomes thicker and stronger. my faith in you and in your power. "

Allah granted the request of the Prophet Ibrahim and ordered him to catch four birds, then after observing and examining the body parts of the bird, he cut it into pieces, mix it, and then the body of the bird that has been crushed and mixed it placed on four different hilltops and far apart.

After doing what God had commanded, He ordered the Prophet Ibrahim to call the birds that have been torn apart and far apart each part of his body.

With the permission of Allah and His power came flying four birds in a state intact and life as usual when he heard the call and the call of the Prophet Ibrahim to him.

Then perched the four revived birds before him, seen with his own eyes how Allah Almighty can revive His dead creatures as He created them from nothing.

And thus the desire of the Prophet Ibrahim to reach his heart and eliminate the possibility of doubt in his faith and conviction, that the power and will of God there is nothing in heaven or on earth that can hinder or oppose him, and only the word "Kun Fayakun", then what happened He wanted.

Preaching to his biological father
Aazar (adoptive father of the US Abraham, narrated by Ibn Mundhir with shahih from Jarikh on the word of Allah swt: "when Ibrahim said to his father Azar (QS Al An'am 74) that Azar was not his father, but his uncle, that Ibrahim was son, father of Abraham the same as his other people, god and worship idols, he was a trader of statues made and carved by himself and from which people buy statues used as offerings.

Prophet Ibrahim felt that the first obligation he had to do before preaching to others was to awaken his biological father to those closest to him that his beliefs and offerings to idols were deviant and stupid.

He felt that the devotion to his father required him to enlighten him to give up that false belief and follow him to believe in Allah Almighty.

With a polite and polite attitude that should be shown by a child towards his parents and with gentle words he came to his father saying that he was decreed by God as a prophet and apostle and that he had been inspired with knowledge and knowledge that his father did not have .

He asked his father gently, what was it that drove him to worship idols like the rest of his people, even though he knew that idols were not useful in the least could not bring benefits to his worshipers or prevent harm or disaster.

He also explained to his father that worship of idols was merely the teachings of Satan who had been an enemy of humans since Adam was sent down to earth.

He called on his father to contemplate and think about his advice and invitation to turn away from idols and worship again to God who created humans and all living beings gave them sustenance and enjoyment of life and empowered the earth with all its contents to humans.

Aazar turned red in the face and glared at the words of his son Abraham's cry which he considered to be a sin and the inappropriate thing that his son had dared to criticize and insult his father's beliefs and even invited him to renounce that belief and embrace the beliefs and religions that he carried.

He did not hide his anger and anger but expressed it in harsh words and in curses but as if there was no connection between them.

He said to the Prophet Ibrahim in an exasperated tone: "O Abraham! Have you turned away from my beliefs and offerings? And what trust did you give me that encouraged me to follow him?

Do not arouse my anger and try to disobey me. If you do not stop your deviation from your father's religion, do not stop your efforts to criticize and worsen my offerings, then you come out of my house. I don't want to live with you in a house under a roof. Go away from my face before I strike you with stones and harm you. "

The Prophet Ibrahim accepted his father's anger, his expulsion and his harsh words in a calm, normal manner as a child towards his father while saying: "O my father!

May you be safe, I will continue to beg forgiveness for you from God and will leave you with offerings other than God. Hopefully I will not be a wretched and unfortunate person with my prayers for you. "Then the Prophet Ibrahim left his father's house in a state of sadness for failing to lift his father from the valley of polytheism and infidels.

Smash the Idols
The failure of the Prophet Ibrahim in his efforts to awaken his lost father deeply pierced his heart because he as a good son was eager to see his father on the right path raised from the valley of apostasy and shirk but he realized that the guidance was in the hands of God and however he wanted all his heart so that his father gets guidance, if it has not been desired by God then his wishes and efforts are futile.
His father's rejection of his propaganda in a harsh and cruel way did not in the least affect his resolve and undermine his enthusiasm to continue to enlighten his people to wipe out the offerings that were false and beliefs that were contrary to monotheism and faith in Allah and the Apostles His.

Prophet Ibrahim did not stop at every opportunity to invite his people to dialogue and worship about their beliefs and teachings that he brought.

And it turns out that when they are helpless to reject and refute the reasons and the arguments put forward by the Prophet Ibrahim about the truth of their teachings and the evils of their beliefs then the arguments and obsolete reasons that they put forward is that they only continue what the fathers and their ancestors have done for generations and occasionally they will not give up the beliefs and religions they have inherited.

The Prophet Ibrahim finally felt it was no longer useful to argue and worship with his people who were stubborn and who did not want to accept information and concrete evidence presented by him and always held to the only reason that they would not deviate from the way of offering ancestors them, even though Prophet Ibrahim had advised them many times that they and their fathers were mistaken and lost in the footsteps of shaitan and devil.

The Prophet Ibrahim then planned to prove to his people with tangible actions that they could see with their own eyes that their idols and statues were really useless to them and could not even save themselves.

It is a tradition and habit of the inhabitants of the Babylonian empire that every year they leave the city rollicking on a feast which they consider sacred.

For days they lived outside the city in an open field, camping with enough food and drink. They rejoice and have fun while leaving their cities empty and silent.

They called out and invited all residents to leave the house and join in the celebration of the holy days. Prophet Ibrahim, who was also invited to take part in pretending to be sick and allowed him to stay at home, moreover they were worried that the falsified Prophet Ibrahim's illness would spread and spread among them if he participated.

"This is the opportunity I have been waiting for." conscience of the Prophet Ibrahim when he saw the city was empty of its inhabitants, silence was not heard except the sound of birds chirping, the sound of tree leaves rustling in strong winds.

With an ax in his hand he went to the place of worship of his people who had been left without a guard, without a caretaker and only a row of statues were seen in the porch of the place of worship.

Pointing to the offerings of flowers and food that was on each leg of the statue, said the Prophet Ibrahim, mocking: "Why don't you eat this delicious food that is served for you? Answer me and say your words."

Then it was kicked, the statues slapped and smashed to pieces with an ax in his hand. The large statue was left intact, undisturbed, the ax of the Prophet Abraham was put on his neck.

Surprised and shocked by the residents, when they returned from partying outside the city and saw the state of the statues, their gods fell apart and became scattered pieces on the floor.

Ask one another in a tone of wonder and amazement: "Who has dared to do this evil and heinous deed against their gods?"

Said one of them: "It is possible that the person who is always making fun of and mocking our offering named Ibrahim is the one who did this brave act."

Another person added information by saying: "He was the one who certainly did, because he was the only person who lived in the city when we were all out celebrating the holy and sacred day."

Inquired have inquired, finally there is no doubt that Ibrahim was the one who destroyed and destroyed the statues.

The townspeople flock to discuss events that are considered an event or an insult that cannot be forgiven for their beliefs and offerings.

Angry, annoyance and curses came from all directions, demanding that the perpetrators be held accountable in an open court, where all the inhabitants of the city could participate and witness.

And that is exactly what the Prophet Ibrahim hoped for in his open trial where all members of the community could also watch.

Because in this way he can covertly preach attacking their false and false beliefs, while explaining the truth of the religion and beliefs he brings, if among those present there are still those whose hearts are still expected to be opened to the faith of monotheism which he teaches and preached.

The day of the trial was determined and people came from all corners of the land to visit the open fields provided for the trial.

When the Prophet Ibrahim came to King Namrudz who was about to prosecute he was welcomed by the audience with cries of curses and insults, signaling the angst of the idol worshipers of him who had dared to destroy their offerings.

The Prophet Ibrahim asked by King Namrud: "Are you the one who committed the destruction and destruction of our gods?"

With calm and cold attitude, Prophet Ibrahim replied: "The big statue that wielded an ax around his neck is what did it.

Just ask the statues who destroyed it. "

King Namrud was silent for a moment. Then he said: "Do you know that the statues cannot speak and say why do you ask us to ask him?"

The time came for the Prophet Ibrahim to wait, so in response to this last question he made a speech outlining the devotion of their offerings, which they defended mightily, solely because the custom was the legacy of their ancestors.

Said the Prophet Ibrahim to King Namrud: "If this is the case, why do you worship the statues, which cannot say, cannot see and cannot hear, cannot bring benefits or reject harm, even cannot help themselves from destruction and destruction?

What a fool you are with your trust and offerings! Can't you think with common sense that your offering is the wrong thing that is only understood by devils.

Why don't you worship God who created you, created nature around you and empowered you on earth with all its contents and riches. How despicable he asked you with your offerings. "
After the completion of the Prophet Ibrahim's speech, King Namrud issued a decision that the Prophet Ibrahim must be burned alive as a reward for his actions insulting and destroying their gods, so the judges to the people present witnessed the court: "Burn him and defend God. your god, if you are truly loyal to him. "

Burned Alive
The court's decision has been handed down. Prophet Ibrahim must be punished by burning alive in a fire as big as the sins committed.

Preparations for the burning ceremony which will be witnessed by all the people being being prepared. Fields for the kilns were provided and a large collection of firewood was held where each resident had to collectively carry as much firewood as he could as a sign of devotion to the gods of their offerings which had been destroyed by Prophet Ibrahim.

Flocked residents from all over the city brought firewood as donations and a sign of devotion to their god.

Among these are pregnant women and sick people who bring their wood donations in the hope of obtaining blessings from their gods by healing their illness or protecting the pregnant woman at the time she is giving birth.

After firewood was collected in the field provided for the burning ceremony and piled up and arranged like a hill, people flocked to witness the execution of the Prophet Ibrahim.

The wood is then burned and a powerful volcano is formed which is flying on it falling burning by the heat generated by the mounting fire.

Then in a state of bondage, the Prophet Ibrahim was lifted onto a tall building and then he was thrown into a burning pile of wood with the accompaniment of the word of God: "O fire, be cold and salvation for Abraham."

Since the sentence was handed down until he was thrown into the blazing fire, Prophet Ibrahim continued to show calm and resignation because of his faith and conviction that God would not be willing to release his servant servants to be the food of fire and victims of the infidels of the enemies of Allah's enemies .

And indeed this is what happens when he is in the bowels of that terrible fire he feels cold according to the call of Allah his Protector and only ropes and chains that bind his burned hands and feet, his body and clothes attached to his body remain intact, not the least bit touched by the fire, which is a miracle given by God to his chosen servant, Prophet Ibrahim, in order to continue delivering the treatise assigned to him to the servants of God who was lost.

Crowded people were astonished by this miracle and began to question the faith in King Namrud.

In fact, King Namrud's own daughter, the Princess, began to believe in the religion he brought.

Then the Princess also admitted before the public that God the prophet Ibrahim a.s. is the real God.

This has raised his anger which directed his army to kill his daughter. The princess then went to the direction of the great fire and said "Lord Abraham save me."

The King's daughter was also saved from burning and in the blazing fire because she said the shahadah.

His daughter's ungodly actions made King Namrud's heart burn even more. In good health without anything, the king's daughter came out of the fire, she and her army had chased her into the forest.

This gave the Prophet Ibrahim and his half-sister Sarah, his father Azaar and the son of his brother Luth, an escape.

King Namrud and his army were satisfied looking for the Princess but the princess had disappeared. After all this time, they returned home and found that the Prophet Ibrahim was also released.

After this event, King Namrud became increasingly agitated because his people began to lose faith in his power. Therefore, he also promised to kill the God of the prophet Ibrahim.

Miracles given by God s.w.t. to the Prophet Ibrahim as tangible proof of the truth of his da'wah, has caused a shock in the faith of some residents of their offerings and statues and opened the eyes of many hearts of them to rethink the invitation of Prophet Ibrahim and his da'wah, not even less than those who want to express their faith in The Prophet Ibrahim, but worried that he would get into trouble in his life due to the anger and revenge of the leaders and his dignitaries who might become lost in their minds if he felt that his influence had shifted to the side of the Prophet Ibrahim.
Ibrahim's wives
When Sarah was taken by Pharaoh to be a concubine, God gave Sarah help so Pharaoh was afraid, and failed to make Sarah his concubine.

Because he failed to make Sarah a concubine, Pharaoh wanted to make Sarah a slave to the Black Stone.

However, in the end Hajar was given to Ibrahim after Sarah was handed over to him.

According to Ibn Kathir's book Qishashul Anbiya, Hajar was a daughter of the Qibthi (Egyptian) nation.

Still in a book called Qishashul Anbiya, it is mentioned that only two of Ibrahim's famous wives, while there are still two other less well-known ones. The complete list is:

Hajar (daughter of the Qibthis - Egypt)
From Qanthura bint Yaqthan, six children were born, namely Madyan, Zamran, Saraj, Yaqsyan, Nasyaq, and the sixth had not yet been named.

From Hajun bint Amin was born five children, namely Kisan, Sauraj, Amim, Luthan, and Nafis.

^ "Muhammad the Prophet" - Detailed History of the Prophet Muhammad, by Omar Hashem, Chapter 1. Geographical Conditions - Abraham's Caravan, P.9.
    ^ A brief history of the Children of Israel

External links
    (Indonesia) The life of Prophet Ibrahim a.s


Photo: Special

Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture