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Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

The History of the Boedi Oetomo 1908 AD

Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - Budi Utomo (Boedi Oetomo) is a youth organization founded on May 20, 1908, by Dr. Soetomo, along with 9 STOVIA students (Javanese Medical School), among others: Goenawan Mangoenkoesoemo, Soeraji, Soewarno.

The establishment of Budi Utomo was the beginning of a movement aimed at achieving Indonesian independence, even though at that time the organization was only intended for Javanese-educated groups.

On Sunday, May 20, 1908, at nine in the morning, in one of STOVIA's study rooms, Soetomo explained his idea, that the future of the nation and the Motherland was in their hands.

This is the reason for the birth of Boedi Oetomo, but young people are also aware that they still have many duties as medical students, aside from having to organize.

For this reason, according to them the need for "old people" who must lead Budi Utomo, while the youth themselves will become the motor that will drive the organization.

Budi Utomo underwent several changes of leaders, the majority held by leaders from the "priyaji" or nobles from the palace, including: Raden Adipati Tirtokoesoemo, former Karanganyar Regent, and Prince Ario Noto Dirodjo from the Pakualaman Palace.

After a year of its establishment, this organization suffered a setback.

Boedi Oetomo's Leadership in 10 Years
This is because Raden Adipati Tirtokoesoemo, a former Karanganyar Regent, is more likely to be a submissive person to the Dutch colonial government. He is not a person who is committed to an idea of ​​independence ..

Then Tirtokoesomo was succeeded by Prince Ario Noto Dirodjo of the Pakualaman Palace. This organization is increasingly seen as a society of nobles, rather than a progressive liberation organization.

Disunity is inevitable, with some young members declaring to leave the organization. Tjipto Mangoenkosoemo was one of those who strongly protested the increasingly conservative direction of organizational policies.

Multatuli in the romance of Max Havelaar, stated a theory that convinced "To dominate the Javanese, it was enough to control its leaders", and the colony was easier to master through its leaders.

Source:
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budi_Utomo
Photo: Special

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