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Noah - 3993 BC to 3043 BC

Jakarta (Dreamland Library) - Noah (Hebrews: נוֹחַ, Nūḥ; Tiberias: נֹחַ; Arabic: نوح) (around 3993-3043 BC) was an apostle told in the Torah, the Bible, and the Koran. Noah was made a prophet around 3650 BC. It is estimated that he lived in the Southern region of modern Iraq. His name is mentioned 58 times in 48 verses in 9 New Translation Bible books and 43 times in the Koran.

According to the Qur'an, he has 4 sons namely Kanʻān, Sem, Ham, and Yafet. But the Bible only records, he had 3 sons Sem, Ham and Japheth. The book of Genesis records, in his day a flood flooded the whole earth; only he and his family (his wife, three children, and third son-in-law) and the animals in Noah's ark that survived the flood. After the flood subsided, Noah's family repopulated the earth again.

Noah according to Islam

Suyuti said that the name Noah did not come from Arabic, but from the Syriac language which means "grateful" or "always grateful". The judge said it was called Noah because he cried a lot, his real name was Abdul Ghafar (Servant of the Most Forgiving).

Whereas according to the story from the Torah, Noah's original name was Nahm which later became the name of a city, Noah's grave was in the village of al Waqsyah that was built in Nahm area. [6]

Noah got the title from Allah as the Prophet Allah and Abdussyakur which means "servant (Allah) who is grateful."

In Islam, Noah is the third prophet after Adam, and Idris. He is the ninth descendant of Adam. His father was Lamik (Lamaka) bin Metusyalih | Mutawasylah (Matu Salij) bin Idris bin Yarid bin Mahlail bin Qainan bin Anusyi bin Syits bin Adam. Between Adam and Noah there was a span of 10 generations and over a period of approximately 1642 years.

Noah lived for 950 years. He has a wife named Wafilah, [8] while some sources say Noah's wife was Namaha binti Tzila or Amzurah bint Barakil [9] and had four sons, namely Kanʻān, Yafith, Sham and Ham.

Noah was the first Apostle of Allah sent to this earth, while Adam, Syith and Idris who were sent earlier were only prophets, not as Apostles because they did not have a people or people.

It was from Ibn Kathir that Noah was sent to the Bani Rasib. He was born 126 years after the death of the Prophet Adam, while according to the People of the Book he was born 140 years after the death of the Prophet Adam. He was the first messenger sent to mankind. The people he called were known as Banu Rasib.

From Ibn Abi Hatim: Abu Umamah heard someone say to the Prophet "O Messenger of God, is Adam a Prophet?" The Prophet answered "Yes". The person asked again: "How long is it between Noah?" then the Prophet Answered "ten generations"

Ibn Abbas told that the prophet Noah was sent to his people when he was 480 years old. His prophetic period is 120 years and preaching for 5 centuries. He crossed the flood when he was 600 years old, and then after the flood he lived for 350 years.

Ibn Abi Hatim from Urwah bin Al Zubayr that Wadd, Suwa, Yaghuth, Ya'uq and Nasr were the children of the prophet Adam. Wadd is the oldest of them and the most pious among them.

Ibn Abbas relates that when the Prophet Jesus revived Ham bin Noah, he asked him why his hair turned gray, he said he died at a young age because of his fear of flooding. He said that the length of Noah's boat was 1200 Kubit and the width was 600 Kubit and had 3 layers.

Migration from Suq Thamanim to Babylon
Ibn Thabari said after the ship anchored in the mountains of Ararat, he then built a city in the area of ​​Ararat (Qarda) in an area that included Mesopotamia and named the city Themanon (City of Eighty) because the city was built by believers, numbering 80 people. Now the place is known as Suq Thamanin.

Ibn Abbas then related that Noah built the city of Suq Thamanin and all the descendants of Qayin were destroyed. According to Al-Harith from Ibn Sad from Hisham bin Muhammad from his father from Abu Salih from Ibn Abbas said "when Suq Thamanin became full of Noah's descendants they moved to Babylon and built the city".

Abd al Ghafar recounted when the ship anchored at Judi hill on Ashura day.

Noah's prayer to his descendants
Ibn Ishaq said that Noah prayed for his three sons. Noah prayed that Sam's descendants would become prophets and apostles. Noah prayed for the descendants of Yafith to be kings, while from the descendants of Ham he prayed to be servants of the descendants of Yafith and Sam.
When Noah turned old, he prayed that the descendants of Gomer and Cush would become kings, because they both served his grandfather when he was old.

Ibn Abbas relates that the descendants of Sam reduced the white nation, Yafith sent down the red and brown nation, while the ham reduced the black and a small portion.

Children :

Kanʻān bin Noah
Of the four sons of Noah, only three survived the flood, because they obeyed and followed the teachings that his father brought. Another oldest son, Kan'an, was drowned. Noah felt sad because his son did not want to follow his teachings. Meanwhile according to Hasan al-Basri argued that Kan'an was a stepchild of Noah, the son of his lawless wife.

Yafith bin Noah
Ibn Tabari mentions Yafith's wife named Arbasisah bint Marazil ibn Al Darmasil bin ibn Mehujael ibn Akhnukh ibn Qayin ibn Adam and from whom Yafith brought down 7 sons and 1 daughter, namely Gomer, Marihu, Wa'il, Hawwan, Tubal, Hawshil and Thiras. The daughter of Yafith is Shabokah.

Sam bin Noah
Ibn Thabari mentions Sam's wife named Shalib bint Batawil bin Mehujael bin Akhnukh bin Qayin bin Adam and from whom Sam descended Arfaqsyad, Asshur, Lud, Elam, and Aram.

Ham bin Noah
Ibn Thabari mentions Ham's wife named Nahlab bint Marib bin Al Darmasil bin bin Mehujael bin Akhnukh bin Qayin bin Adam and from whom Ham sent down 4 sons, namely Kush, Put, Canaan and Qibthy or Misraim.

According to Ibn Ishaq it is unknown whether Arama was one mother or from a different mother from Sam's other children. Sam lived in Mecca and from his descendants Arpaksyad sent prophets and apostles. Then from his descend the Arabs and the ancient Egyptians. The descendants of Yafith became kings of non-Arab areas such as Turkey, Khazar and Persia whose last king was Yazdajird bin Shahriyar bin Abrawiz who was still a descendant of Gomer bin Yafith bin Noah.

Sam's descendants lived in Majdal at the center of the earth, which was in Satidama (an area north of Iraq or eastern Anatolia), between Yemen and Syria. God gave them books and prophethood and gave them brown and white skin tones.

The nation berkembangd developed in a valley called Al-Shihr (the southern part of Arabia facing the Indian Ocean) and was destroyed in a valley called the Mughith Valley.

Then Mahrah settled in the valley of Al-Shihr. Ubayl developed in the Yasthrib region, Amalek developed in Sana before it was called Sana. Some of the Amalek descendants then went to Yastrib and drove the Ubayl people, who later Jubayl flourished in the Juhfah region, but the floods destroyed them so they called the area Al-Juhfah (the sweeping place).

Thamud settled in the Hijr and its surroundings and was destroyed there. Tasm and Judays settled in Yamamah and were later destroyed, when Umaym entered the Al Abar region (Wabar, a place in Yemen) and was destroyed there. Around Yamamah and Al Shihr no one traveled there because the territory was controlled by Jin. The area was known as Ubar because it came from the name Abar bin Umaym.

The descendants of Joktan bin Eber entered Yemen and later named him Yemen which means South. Some people from Kan'an entered Syria whose name was Al-Sha'm and hence Syria's territory was known as Sham.

It is told from Damrah bin Rabiah from Ibn Ata from his father that Ham descended descendants of black skin and curly hair. Their hair is thin. Yafith descended descendants with flat faces and small eyes or slits, while Sam lowered offspring with handsome faces and beautiful hair.


Descendants of Ham
    Kush bin Ham: Ibn Thabari mentions Kush's wife named Qarnabil bint Batawil bin Tiras and from him descended Habsyah, Hind and Sind.
    Phut bin Ham: Ibn Thabari mentions Phut's wife named Bakht bint Batawil. Put then stayed with the descendants of Kush namely Hind and Sind in the Indian region.
    Kan`an bin Ham: Ibn Thabari mentions Kan'an's wife named Arsal bint Batawil bin Tiras and from which he descended the black or negro nation, Nubia, Fezzan, Zanj and Zaghawah.
    Mizraim bin Ham: Ibn Thabari said that Mizraim's descendants were Copts and Barbarians.
    Egyptus bint Ham: This one Ham child is a woman.

Sam's descendants
    Lud bin Sam: Ibn Ishaq mentions that Lud married Yafith's daughter Shakbah and gave birth to him Faris, Jurjan, and the race inhabiting the Persian region. Then from Tasm and Imliq were born from Lud, but it is unknown whether they were mothers or not with Faris bin Lud. Imliq lives in the area of ​​the holy land.

    Imliq then lowered the Amalekites who later spread in the regions of Uman, Hijaz, Syria and Egypt. From the descendants of Lud gave birth to the mighty nations in Syria called the Canaanites. From Lud also descended the Egyptian Pharaoh, the inhabitants of Bahrayn and ‘Uman who came to be known as the Jasim people. Madinah residents such as Banu Huff, Sa'd bin Hizzan, Banu Matar and Banu Al-Azraq, Najd Residents namely Badil and Rahil, Tayma residents are descended from Lud bin Sham.

    Bani Umaym bin Lud lived in Wabar which is a desert area known as the Alij desert and flourished there. Then they disavowed there and finally God destroyed them. The only tribe left from the disaster is the Nasnas.

    Tasm bin Lud lived in Yamamah (the ancient city of Bahrayn). From the descendants of Lud, such as Tasm, Amalek, Umaym and Jasim use the Arabic dialect, while other descendants of Lud, such as Faris, use the Farsi dialect.

The descendants of Lud bin Sham and including the descendants of Madhay bin Yafith then went to Gomer and Gomer then guarded them and let them flourish in their territory. From this Madhay nation descended the nation of Media, one of its kings was Cyrus the Great.

    One of the barbarians was descended from Thamila, the son of Marib, the son of Faran, the son of Amr, the son of Imliq, the son of Lud, the son of Sham. The nation that first spoke Arabic was Imliq bin Lud after his move from Babylon.

    Aram bin Sam: Aram bin Shem sent Uz, Mash, Gether and Hul. Then Uz took down Gether, ʿĀd and Ubayl. Gether bin Aram brought down Thamud and Judays. They speak Arabic Mudari. They are known as Arabic Aribah or native Arabic because they are from Arabic. From Aram and Lud descendants gave birth to the first Arab nation or the Arab Aribah.

    ʿĀd dwells in the desert around the road to Hadramaut in Yemen. Thamud carved the mountains to be his residence between Hijaz and Syria and as far as Wadi al-Qura. Judays followed Tasm and stayed in the neighborhood of Yamamah until Bahrayn. The name Yamamah at that time was Jaww. While Jasim lives in Uman. Mash descended the Nabateans whose lineage was Nabit bin Mash bin Aram.

    In the Era of the ʿĀd, they were known as the darid of Iram, when the ’Ad were destroyed, the Thamud were called Iram. After Thamud was destroyed, the remaining descendants of Iram were called Arman or Aramean.

    Arfaqshad bin Sam: Arpkasyad sent down chosen people and from which most of the prophets came. He has a son named Qaynam who is not told in the Torah. He was not told in the law because he called himself a god and studied magic. Qaynamkemudian lowered the child named Shelah, and lowered Abir. For Abir to send 2 children, namely Peleg or Qasim and Yoktan or Qahthan who have 2 children, namely Ya'rub and Yaqtan. Yoktan was the first ruler of the country of Yemen.

    Arpaksyad also had a son named Nimrod who lived around the Al-Hijr region. Sham was born when Noah was 500 years old, then Arpaksyad was born when Sham was 102 years old. Qaynam was born when Arpaksyad was 35 years old, Shelah was born when Qaynam was 39 years old, Eber was born when Shelah was 30 years old.

Yoktan bin Eber bin Shaleh bin Arfaqshad from him brought down the Hindus and Sind later. His lineage returned to Buqayin bin Yoktan. From Yoktan gave birth Ya'rub down Yashjub lowered Saba '. Saba ’lowered Himyar, Kahlan, Ash Amr, Al-Ash’ar, Anmar, Murr,‘ Amilah. Amr bin Saba sent down Adi. ‘Adi took down Lakhm and Judham.
    Ghalem bin Sam: It is said that the descendants of Ghalem are Persians.
    Asshur bin Sam: While from Asshur their descendants are to be Assyrians.

Descendants of Yafith
  • Meshech bin Yafith: From it he lowered Ashban. According to Blachere Ashban is a colony of Ishafan who settled in Syria, Egypt, North Africa, and Spain.
  • Yavan bin Yafith: From him he brought down Slavs and Burjans or Bulgar. The Byzantines are descended from Lanta bin Javan.
  • Magogh bin Yafith: From Magogh this is the nation of Gog and Magog which has been predicted to come at the end of time.
Khatubal bin Yafith
Ma'za bin Yafith
Tyrash bin Yafith

Noah's Ark
Decades of Noah preached, but the people did not want to follow his teachings and still worship idols. In fact, they often persecuted Noah and his followers. For this reason, Noah asked God to bring down their punishment. Then in the story it is said that God granted Noah's request. So that the believers of Noah would avoid the doom, God commanded Noah to make the ark. Together with his followers, Noah collected nails and felled large logs from trees he had planted for 40 years. Through His revelation, God guided Noah to make a strong ark to deal with typhoons and floods. Noah's Ark is considered to be the first sea transportation tool in the world.

According to the Qur'an, Noah's ark had landed on Mount Judi and there were many differences of opinion regarding the Hill of Gambling, both from scholars and archaeological findings. There is an opinion [who?] That shows a mountain in the Kurdish region or precisely in the southern part of Armenia, there is another opinion from Wyatt Archeological Research, the hill is located in the Turkistan climate of Butan, Northeast of the island which the Arabs call the Jazirah Ibn Umar (Tafsir al-Mishbah).

In the Bible call it stranded on Mount Ararat Turkey. Archaeologists Cornuke and the team say that Noah's ark was allegedly found in Iran. The location is not as described in the book of Genesis; This ark has traveled eastward to Mesopotamia. Cornuke and the team think that Mount Ararat is most likely just a diversion. "The Bible gives instructions here but this is not referring to Turkey, but directed directly to Iran."

Based on photographs produced from Mount Ararat, a very large boat is estimated to have an area of ​​7,546 feet with a length of 500 feet, width of 83 feet and height of 50 feet and there are still three more levels on it.
  • The first level is placed by wild and tamed animals
  • The second level is placed by humans
  • Third level birds
Noah according to Christianity
Noah was a son of Lamech, who was born when Lamech was 182 years old (Gen. 5:28; 1Ch 1: 4)). He was born 1,056 years after Adam. [11] Of the 10 generations after Adam, Noah was the third person to have the longest life, reaching 950 years (Gen. 9: 28-29). His name is also recorded in the genealogy of Jesus at Luke 3:36.

Noah was described as being righteous among other people who lived in his day. Genesis 6: 8 records, "But Noah found grace in God's eyes". At that time, human life was so full of sin that God decided to pass judgment by saying "I will destroy them together with the earth" [12]. However, God does not destroy everything. He ordered Noah to build a large ark to save some of His creatures.

After the ark was finished, the Book of Genesis described that water soaked the earth for 150 days and after that the water began to recede. Noah waited until the earth was completely dry before opening the ark's door. Noah then went out with his family and all the animals in the ark.

After Noah was saved, God entered into a covenant with Noah and blessed him [13]. This is the first agreement that is known and is universal because it covers all of humanity. Later, God also made a covenant with Abraham, but the covenant was considered to be more specific.

Noah's name comes from the Hebrew נֹחַ, נוֹחַ (Nōăḥ), which means "perched", "appeased", "stopped", or "rested" (2Ki 2:15; Lk 5: 5; De 5:14). The meaning of Noah's name based on the origin of the word is "sabbath", "rest", and "consolation".

The Bible only records that Noah had three children, Shem, Ham and Japheth, who were born after Noah was 500 years old [14], before the flood took place. When Sem was 100 years old, two years after the flood, he was blessed with Arpakhsad [15]. Therefore Sem was only 98 when the flood came. Ham is said to be the youngest [16].

The name of Noah's wife is not mentioned in the Bible, according to the Book of Jubilees (included in the canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church) her name is Emzara. The writings of Midras give it the name Naamah, which is also mentioned in the Book of Yasar.

    ^ Kejadian 5:28-29
    ^ Kejadian 5:32
    ^ Kejadian 9:20
    ^ Kejadian 9:28-29
    ^ Lokasi Terdamparnya Kapal Nabi Nuh.
    ^ "(yaitu) anak cucu dari orang-orang yang Kami bawa bersama-sama Nuh. Sesungguhnya dia adalah hamba (Allah) yang banyak bersyukur." (Al Israa' 17:3)
    ^ Wafilah istri Nuh
    ^ Prophets Family Tree istri Nuh Namaha atau Amzurah
    ^ Noah's Ark Discovered in Iran? di situs web National Geographic.
    ^ a b Abraham Park. D. Min.,D.D., Silsilah Di Kitab Kejadian. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia (Grasindo). Hal.142 ISBN 978-979-081-235-2
    ^ Kejadian 6:14
    ^ Kejadian 9:1-17
    ^ Kejadian 5:32
    ^ Kejadian 11:10
    ^ Kejadian 9:24

The Story of Noah on
    Biodata of the Prophets

External links
Search Wikimedia Commons     Wikimedia Commons memiliki kategori mengenai Nuh

    (Melayu) Kaum yang dibinasakan : Kaum Nabi Nuh
    (Indonesia) Kisah Nabi Nuh di
    (Inggris) Tujuh Ketentuan Nuh
    (Inggris) Bahtera Nuh
    (Inggris) Nuh di Ensiklopedia Yahudi
    (Inggris) Banjir Besar - Pertanyaan dan Jawaban di Answers in Genesis
    (Inggris) Nuh dan Bahteranya
    Ibnu Thabari Volume II

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Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture