Window of Archipelago

La Galigo - Similar to the Koran but older than the Koran

Ujungpandang ( Dreamland Library ) - The Bugis in South Sulawesi, adheres to a belief in the Gods of Seuwae (the Only God). "The Bug...

The entry of Hinduism into Indonesia

Jakata (Dreamland Library) - Based on the information found on the inscriptions, the 8th century AD it can be said that the period of ancient Balinese history covers the period between the 8th century AD to the 14th century AD with the arrival of the Mahapatih Gajah Mada expedition from Majapahit who can defeat Bali.

The name Balidwipa is not a new name, but has existed since ancient times. This can be known from several inscriptions, including the Blanjong inscription issued by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 913 AD which mentions the word "Walidwipa". Likewise from the inscriptions of King Jayapangus, such as the Buwahan D inscription and the Cempaga A inscription which dates to 1181 AD.

Among the kings of Bali, who left many written statements which also alluded to the description of the composition of the government at that time were Udayana, Jayapangus, Jayasakti, and Anak Wungsu.

The influence of prehistoric times, especially from the megalithic era, still feels strong. Belief at that time was focused on the worship of ancestral spirits symbolized in the form of worship buildings called porch pyramids, or staircases.

Sometimes on top of the building menhirs are placed, monolithic stone pillars as symbols of the spirits of their ancestors. In Hindu times this was seen in temple buildings that resembled pundan terraces. Beliefs in mountain, sea, and other gods originating from the time before Hinduism continued to be reflected in people's lives in the period after the Hindu religion.

At the beginning until the reign of Raja Sri Wijaya Mahadewi, the religion of that time was unknown. It can only be known from the names of monks who use the element of the name Shiva, for example the monk Piwakangsita Shiva, the monk Siwanirmala, and the monk Siwaprajna. Based on this, the possibility of religion that developed at that time was Shiva's religion.

Only during the reign of King Udayana and his empress, there were two major religious sects that were embraced by the population, namely Shiva and Buddhism. This information was obtained from his inscriptions which mention the existence of mpungku Sewasogata (Shiva-Buddha) as the king's assistant.

Photo: Special

Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture