Window of Archipelago

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100 AD and Beyond

Pandeglang (DreamLandLibrary) - Salakanagara is the oldest (Sunda) Kingdom in Indonesia. 130 AD, the founding of the Salakanagara Kingdom
Tanjung Lesung (Dreamland Library) - Based on the Wangsakerta Text - this kingdom is thought to be the earliest kingdom in the archipelago. While Salakanagara itself is Sanskrit, it means "Silver Country".

Salakanagara is also believed to be a Sundanese Ancestor, this is because the Salakanagara civilization territory is exactly the same as the Sundanese civilization territory for centuries.

The foregoing is reinforced by the similarity of vocabulary, between Sundanese and Salakanagara. In addition, other evidence was found in the form of Sundanese Clock or Salakanagara Clock, the way they refer to Time / Clock in Sundanese.

All references to discussions regarding Salakanagara, must have originated from the original figure in power here, namely Aki Tirem. He was the chief, or local village ruler, who eventually became the in-laws of the "Ambassador from Pallawa" named Dewawarman.

A little mystery that has not been solved, even still a matter of debate, where Aki Tirem is also known as Aki Luhurmulya, even he is also called Angling Dharma according to Hinduism, and Wali Jangkung according to Islam. However, there are also stories about the people who mention the name Prabu Angling Dharma or Wali Jangkung as another name from Dewawarman.

This figure named Angling Dharma is also recognized as being in another region, not only in Salakanagara.

So that the Salakanagara story can still be conveyed, then from various sources, we decided to temporarily take the historical storyline that is commonly developing in Banten society.

When the daughter of Sang Aki Luhur Mulya named "Dewi Pohaci Larasati" married to Dewawarman, made all followers, and Dewawarman's troops married to a local woman, and did not want to return to her hometown.

When Aki Tirem died, Dewawarman was appointed king, as a substitute for his father-in-law. Then in 130 AD, Dewawarman founded an empire named "Salakanagara", whose capital was in "Rajatapura". It is said that this city was called Argyrè by Claudius Ptolemaeus the Greek scientist in his book, Geographia, written about 150 AD, located in the Lada Bay area, Pandeglang, Banten.

In Greek, argyre is "silver", while Salaka, in Sundanese, also means "silver". The question arises, whether the Argyre referred to by Ptolemaeus is the Kingdom of Salakanagara?

Departing from Argyre from the statements of Claudius Ptolemaeus whose book was released 150 AD, temporarily

Salakanagara Kingdom was founded in 130 AD, or 20 years before Ptolemaeus published Geographia, this is still a debate among researchers and historians.

The historical debate, if it is related to the Kingdom of Kutai which before the disclosure of Salakanagara became the Oldest Kingdom in Indonesia, remembering before the disclosure of the Kingdom of Salakanagara, the Kingdom of Kutilah which stood in the 4th century was the oldest in Indonesia.

One proof of Salakanagara being a Kingdom older than the Kingdom of Kutai is, the discovery of travel records from China, where the Kingdom of Salakanagara had established trade relations with the Han Dynasty. Where, the Sundanese kingdom once sent a messenger to China in the 3rd century.

Dewawarman became the first king with the title "Prabu Darmalokapala Dewawarman Aji Raksa Sagara Gapura". Several small kingdoms around it became his territory, including the Kingdom of Agninusa (Land of Fire) located on Krakatau Island.

Until 362 Rajatapura was the capital of Salakanagara which was the seat of the government of the Kings of Dewawarman (of Dewawarman I - VIII). Salakanagara remained a kingdom for 232 years, or rather from 130 AD to 362 AD.

King Dewawarman I ruled for 38 years, then was replaced by his son who became King Dewawarman II with the title "Prabu Digwijayakasa Dewawarmanputra.

While the last king of Salakanagara was "Prabu Dharmawirya" recorded as King Dewawarman VIII, who ruled until 363. During the reign of Dewawarman VIII, the economic conditions of the population were very good, prosperous and peaceful, and the diversity of life was very harmonious.

In the period 130 - 362 AD, the Kingdom of Salakanagara was twice led by the Queen, namely Mahisa Suramardini Warmandewi (276-289 AD) and Sphatikarnawa Warmandewi (340-348 AD).

After 363 AD, Salakanagara had become a kingdom under the authority of Tarumanagara which was founded in 358 AD by Maharesi who came from Calankayana, India named "Jayasinghawarman". (SSM)

YSN Literacy

Source: from various sources

Photo: Special

Note: this article is still in the process of being refined

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