Window of Archipelago

Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

Salakanagara - 130 AD

Pandeglang (Dreamland Library) - Salakanagara, based on Wangsakerta Manuscript - Rajyarajya i Bhumi Nusantara Library (which was organized by a committee with its chairman Prince Wangsakerta) is thought to be the earliest kingdom in the archipelago.

The names of experts and historians who prove that the Banten Tatars have high historical values ​​include Husein Djajadiningrat, Tb. H. Achmad, Hasan Mu'arif Ambary, Halwany Michrob and others.

Many of their findings have been compiled in writings, reviews and in books. Not to mention names like John Miksic, Takashi, Atja, Saleh Danasasmita, Yoseph Iskandar, Claude Guillot, Ayatrohaedi, Wishnu Handoko and others who added insight about Banten to become more extensive and open with his works made both in Indonesian and English.

Indian ancestry
The founder of Salakanagara, Dewawarman was a traveling ambassador, merchant and immigrant from Pallawa, Bharata (India) who eventually settled because he married a local prince, while Tarumanagara's founder was Maharesi Jayasingawarman, a refugee from the Calankayana region, Bharata because his territory was controlled by another kingdom. While Kutai was founded by refugees from Magada, Bharata after the area was also controlled by another kingdom.

The initial figure in power here was Aki Tirem. That said, this city was called Argyre by Ptolemy in 150, located in the Lada Pandeglang Bay area. It was Aki Tirem, the ruler or ruler of the local village that eventually became Dewawarman's father-in-law when the daughter of Sang Aki Luhur Mulya named Dewi Pwahaci Larasati was married to Dewawarman. This made all of Dewawarman's followers and troops married to local women and did not want to return to his hometown.

When Aki Tirem died, Dewawarman received a scepter. In 130 AD he then founded an empire named Salakanagara (Silver Country) with a capital in Rajatapura. He became the first king with the title Prabu Darmalokapala Dewawarman Aji Raksa Sagura Gapura. Several small kingdoms around him became his territory, including the Kingdom of Agnynusa (Land of Fire) on Krakatau Island.

Rajatapura is the capital of Salakanagara which until 362 was the seat of the government of the Kings of Dewawarman (from Dewawarman I - VIII). Salakanagara stood only for 232 years, precisely from 130 AD to 362 AD. King Dewawarman I himself only ruled for 38 years and was replaced by his son who became King Dewawarman II with the title Prabu Digwijayakasa Dewawarmanputra. Prabu Dharmawirya was listed as King Dewawarman VIII or the last king of Salakanagara until 363 because since then Salakanagara has become a kingdom under the authority of Tarumanagara which was founded in 358 AD by Maharesi who came from Calankayana, India named Jayasinghawarman. During the reign of Dewawarman VIII, the economic condition of the population was very good, prosperous and peaceful, while religious life was very harmonious.

While Jayasinghawarman, founder of Tarumanagara, was the son-in-law of King Dewawarman VIII. He himself was a Maharesi from Calankayana in India who fled to the archipelago because his area was attacked and conquered by Maharaja Samudragupta from the Maurya Kingdom.

Later on after Jayasinghawarman founded Tarumanagara, the seat of government shifted from Rajatapura to Tarumanagara. Salakanagara then changed to the Regional Kingdom.

Order of King Salakanagara


The list of names of the kings who ruled the Kingdom of Salakanagara are:
Tahun berkuasaNama rajaJulukanKeterangan
130-168 MDewawarman IPrabu Darmalokapala Aji Raksa Gapura SagaraPedagang asal Bharata (India)
168-195 MDewawarman IIPrabu Digwijayakasa DewawarmanputraPutera tertua Dewawarman I
195-238 MDewawarman IIIPrabu Singasagara BimayasawiryaPutera Dewawarman II
238-252 MDewawarman IVMenantu Dewawarman II, Raja Ujung Kulon
252-276 MDewawarman VMenantu Dewawarman IV
276-289 MMahisa Suramardini WarmandewiPuteri tertua Dewawarman IV & isteri Dewawarman V, karena Dewawarman V gugur melawan bajak laut
289-308 MDewawarman VISang Mokteng SamuderaPutera tertua Dewawarman V
308-340 MDewawarman VIIPrabu Bima Digwijaya SatyaganapatiPutera tertua Dewawarman VI
340-348 MSphatikarnawa WarmandewiPuteri sulung Dewawarman VII
348-362 MDewawarman VIIIPrabu Darmawirya DewawarmanCucu Dewawarman VI yang menikahi Sphatikarnawa, raja terakhir Salakanagara
Mulai 362 MDewawarman IXSalakanagara telah menjadi kerajaan bawahan Tarumanagara
ReferensE

    ^ Ayatrohaedi: Sundakala, Cuplikan Sejarah Sunda Berdasar Naskah-naskah "Panitia Wangsakerta" Cirebon. Pustaka Jaya, 2005.

Souce : http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Salakanagara

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