Window of Archipelago

La Galigo - Similar to the Koran but older than the Koran

Ujungpandang ( Dreamland Library ) - The Bugis in South Sulawesi, adheres to a belief in the Gods of Seuwae (the Only God). "The Bug...

Batujaya Temple - Year 200 AD

The originator of "Dream Land Library" has a Temple of Soul background
Bekasi (DreamLandLibraty) - In the Batujaya site area there are relics from the classical period. The Batujaya region covers a fairly wide area of ​​around 5 km2, spanning the coordinates of 06 ° 02'52.10 "- 06 ° 03'34.17" South Latitude and 107 ° 09'01.00 "- 107 ° 09'05, 91 "East Longitude.

Administratively this area is included in the area of ​​Segaran Village, Batujaya District and Telagajaya Village, Pakisjaya District. The site is not far from the northern coastline of the Java Sea, in paddy fields and partly in residential areas. To the south of the site is the Citarum River. Rivers and rice fields never experience dry periods. During the year it was wet with puddles and infiltration water.

Research in the Batujaya site area began in 1975-1976 in the form of exploratory research. Furthermore, in 1984 research was conducted (excavation) by the Department of Archeology, Faculty of Letters, University of Indonesia (FSUI). Since then, more intensive research has been carried out by various institutions including FS UI, the National Archeology Research Center (Puslit Arkenas), the Directorate for the Protection and Development of Historical Heritage (Ditlinbinjarah (, Tarumanagara University (Untar), the National Survey and Mapping Agency (BAKOSURTANAL) ), and the Bandung Archeology Center (Balar).

Archaeological remains in Batujaya until the year 2000 have found 24 sites scattered in the villages of Segaran and Telagajaya. In the village of Segaran found 13 sites and 11 sites in Telagajaya. Of the 24 sites, there are several sites that have been excavated and reveal the remaining temple buildings.

The mound in which the ancient brick ruins of the people call it the term 'unur'. These sites include Segaran I (SEG I or Unur Jiwa), Segaran III (SEG III or Unur Damar), Segaran IV (SEG IV), Segaran V (SEG V or Unur Blandongan), Segaran IX (SEG IX or Pool Site) , Telagajaya I (TLJ I or Unur Shaved), Telagajaya V (TLJ V or Unur Asem), and Telagajaya VIII (TLJ VIII).

Unur Jiwa has been completely excavated and restoration has begun from 1997 to 2004. This site is located at coordinates 06 ° 03 '427 "South Latitude and 107 ° 09' 287" East Longitude. The temple building is only a leg part and a little part of the rest of the body of the temple. Rectangle temple building measuring 19x19 m. The height of the remaining part is 4.7 m.

Building orientation to the southeast - northwest. Because no stairs or entrances were found, the direction of the attack was unknown. At the top of the building there is a brick structure that forms a square and concentric circular arrangement of bricks that resembles lotus flower petals.

The building at Unur Jiwa is now completely restored. On the signboard located at that location is called the Soul Temple. With the completion of the restoration it appears that the foot profile consists of flat seams (patta), buffer seams (uttara), and semicircular seams (kumuda).

Brick joints on the legs show the use of a thin white adhesive layer. This layer is usually called stuco. On the surface of the brick there is also a layer that still leaves stuco. Based on such traces it is thought that the walls of the building were covered with stuco.

At the top there is a circular brick structure about 6 m in diameter. This section may be the basis of a stupa or pedestal on a terrace. The amazing part is also found on the upper surface, namely on the sides are made wavy so that it gives the impression of a lotus flower petals that are blooming.

In Unur Damar (SEG III) there is a remnant of the building in the form of the foot of a rectangular temple with a size of 20 X 15 m. On the northwest side there are parts of the stairs that the condition is already sunk. At the SEG IV site there is also a remnant of a rectangular building measuring 6.5 X 6.5 m with a remaining height of 1 m. On the southeast side there is a structure that jutted out like the rest of the stairs.

Unur Blandongan (SEG VI) is a unit whose breadth is relatively the same as Unur Jiwa. This site is located at coordinates 06 ° 03 '351 "South Latitude and 107 ° 09' 203" East Longitude.

In Unur Blandongan there is a temple building with a square shape with a size of 25 X 25 m. On all four sides there are steps. At the bottom of the building there is a hallway (aisle) that separates the hallway wall with a tiled building body.

12 x 12 m building plinth. On this pedestal there is a building body measuring 10 X 10 m. Excavation on this site found a number of tablets with Buddhist reliefs. Some of them have written Pallawa letters. In addition, several scratched stones were also found. Unur Blandongan is now under renovation.

The building that looks at the SEG IX site is a rectangular shaped pool building with a size of 7.35 X 10.55 m. The average wall thickness is 1.7 m except the northeast side wall with a thickness of more than 4 m. The depth of the pool is unknown.

Unur Serut (TLJ I) is at coordinates 06 ° 03 '359 "South Latitude and 107 ° 09' 052" East Longitude. On this site there are four buildings. IA TLJ buildings have not been fully revealed. This building is in the form of a foot temple with a length of 22 m and 10 m wide.

The TLJ IB building is very damaged. From the rest there are estimated to have a square with 8.5 m in length.

TLJ IC building has a rectangular shape with 6 m side length.

On the northeast side there are stairs. The building is detached and decorated with ornaments made of lime cement (stucco). some decorations in the form of head of human and animal statues made from stucco are also found in the ruins on the outside of the foot of the temple building.

The yard around the building is likely to have experienced pengurugan. The surface of the yard is then covered with a layer of plaster from stucco material. The TLJ ID building is a pool. The remaining structure is an elongated wall that is angled at the bottom of a pond.

The building on the TLJ V (Unur Asem) site has a square size of 10 X 10 m. The temple is equipped with two stairs located on the southeast and northeast. The stairs on the southeast side are built later than the stairs on the northeast side. At the top of the rest of the building is a brick structure with a concentric circle.

Excavation at TLJ VIII site has revealed the remaining parts of the temple's foot rectangular shaped with a length of 6 m and a width of 4 m. On the northeast side of the stairs equipped. In the middle of this building there is a well with a size of 1.80 X 1.75 m.
Based on the shape of the building and some existing archeological remains, it can be ascertained that the temple building in the Batujaya area is set on the Buddha. The Batujaya site area is thought to be related to the Tarumanegara Kingdom. Analysis of C14 shows the oldest age from the 2nd century and the youngest of the 12th century. Foreign ceramics found show ceramics produced from the 9th-14th century AD

Several ruins of the temple building are now under renovation. The Soul Temple was the first to be restored. At the moment the restoration process is the Blandongan Temple. Several other temples are still under research.

Because each temple is separated from a rice field, a 1 m wide walkway was built connecting the Soul Temple and Blandongan. To go to the other temples, you can pass the rice field road.


Photo: Dream Land Dock

Arabic Culture Turns Inheritance from Christian Religious Culture