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Pringapus Temple - Year 850 AD

Jakarta (Dreamland Library) - Pringapus Temple which is estimated to have been built around 850 AD is located in Pringapus village, Ngadirejo sub-district, Temanggung Regency, Central Java.

Pringapus village is located on Mount Sindoro. The location of the temple is about 5 km from Ngadirejo sub-district and 32 km northeast of Temanggung.

Pringapus Temple was restored by the Department of Antiquities in 1930. Judging from the shape of the building, Pringapus Temple has a Hindu Syiwa architecture.

This indicates that the Pringapus Temple was built to worship Lord Shiva and is a replica of Mahameru, where the gods live. This is proven by the presence of Nandini Ox statue, Syiwa vehicle, and hapsara-hapsari reliefs depicting demigods.

This temple was built with material from andesite with an area of ​​about 29.68m2. Pringapus Temple is connected with the Argapura Inscription which dates to 852 AD The number of years listed on the foundation of the temple and allegedly the year of completion of the temple construction was 772 Saka (= 850 AD). Judging by the number of the year, the possibility of this temple was built during the reign of the Syailendra Dynasty.

The door of the temple is decorated with kalamakara above its threshold. Stairs made to reach the door are made without stair cheeks. The roof of the temple is in the form of a three-tiered box, getting smaller and smaller, similar to the roof of the Kidal Temple in East Java.

The beauty of the Priangapus Temple lies in the very delicate and beautiful sculpture ornamentation which shows that the architect has a high artistic taste. The fields are filled with carvings of lotus flowers and tendrils. The walls on either side of the door were decorated with carved panels of gods and goddesses decorated with leaves that were rotated above them.

In the temple there is an ox statue in a sitting position. To the west of the temple building, on the edge of 'Sendang' (small lake) there is a phallus and cow statue. That said, this cow statue is a guardian of the availability of spring water, because one of the unique features of the spring is that the water never dries even though in the long dry season.

Photo: Special

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