Window of Archipelago

Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

Candi Pawon - Year 782 AD


Jakarta (DreamLandLibrary) - Pawon Temple is located in Borobudur Village, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java Province. The temple which has another name Brajanalan Temple is about 2 km to the northeast of Borobudur Temple and 1 km to the southeast of Mendut Temple.

The location of Mendut Temple, Pawon Temple and Borobudur Temple in accordance with one straight line underlies the notion of this temple.

In addition, the similarity of sculpture motifs in the three temples also underlies the involvement of the linkages between the three. Poerbatjaraka, even those representing the Pawon temple represent the upa angga (part of) the Borobudur Temple.

The name "Pawon" itself, according to most people, comes from the word pawuan which means a place to store awu (ash). In the room in the body of the Pawon Temple, it was thought to have originally been regarded as a Bodhhisatwa Statue, as a form of respect for King Indra who had received the Bodhisattva status, so the Bodhisattva statue was provided.

In the Central Karang Inscription it was published that the statue was issued wajra (ray). This statement raises suspicions that this statue was made of bronze.

According to Casparis, Pawon Temple is a storage place for the remains of Raja Indra (782 - 812 AD), the father of King Samarrattungga from the Syailendra Dynasty. The name "Pawon" itself, according to most people, comes from the word pawuan which means a place to store awu (ash).

In the room in the body of the Pawon Temple, it was thought to have originally been regarded as a Bodhhisatwa Statue, as a form of respect for King Indra who had received the Bodhisattva status, so the Bodhisattva statue was provided. In the Central Karang Inscription it was published that the statue was issued wajra (ray). This statement raises suspicions that this Bodhisattva statue was made of bronze.

Batur temple as high as about 1.5 m base square, but the edges are made winding to make 20 angles. Wall decoration with floral designs, such as flowers and tendrils. Slim body shape of Pawon Temple.
The entrance to the room in the body of the temple is located on the west side. Above the doorway there is a Kalamakara ornament without a lower jaw. The stairs to the hall are equipped with stair cheeks with sculptures on the outer walls. The dragon's headdress on the base of the stairs' cheeks has been damaged. The room in the temple's body is currently empty, but on the floor there are visible marks that indicate that there was a statue in that place.

On the front wall of the temple, to the north and south of the entrance, there is a niche containing a sculpture depicting the Kuwera (God of Wealth) in a standing position. The sculptures on the south side of the door have been damaged so that they are no longer visible. The carving on the north door is still relatively intact, only the head part has been destroyed.

On the north and south walls of the temple there is the same relief, which depicts Kinara and Kinari, a pair of human-headed birds, standing flanking a Kalpataru tree that grows in a pot. Around the tree are several money bags. In the sky looked a pair of humans who were flying. At the top of the wall there is a pair of small windows that function as ventilation. Between the two ventilation holes, there is a kumuda sculpture.

The roof of the temple is square-shaped and is decorated with several small dagobas (domes) on each side. The roof top is decorated with a larger dagoba.

Source: pnri.go.id
Source: http://www.candi.web.id/candi-pawon/


Photo: Special

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