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Taman Ayun Temple - 1634 AD

Denpasar (DreamLandLibrary) - Taman Ayun Temple, located in Mengwi Village, Badung Regency, about 18 km to the west of Denpasar. This temple is very beautiful, in accordance with its name which means the temple in a beautiful park. Besides being beautiful, Taman Ayun Temple is also considered to have historical value, so in 2002 the Bali Government proposed to UNESCO that this temple be included in the World Heritage List.

Taman Ayun Temple is Mother Temple (Paibon) for the Mengwi kingdom. This temple was built by King Mengwi, I Gusti Agung Putu, in 1556 Saka (1634 AD). In the beginning, I Gusti Agung Putu built a temple north of the village of Mengwi for the worship of his ancestors. The temple is called Taman Genter. When Mengwi had developed into a large kingdom, I Gusti Agung Putu moved the Genter Park to the east and expanded the building. The expanded temple was inaugurated as Taman Ayun Temple on Tuesday Kliwon-Medangsia the fourth month of 1556 Saka. Until now, every Tuesday Kliwon wuku Medangsia according to Saka's calendar, in this temple a piodalan (ceremony) is held to celebrate the anniversary of the establishment of the temple.

Taman Ayun Temple has undergone several improvements. Large-scale repairs were carried out in 1937. In 1949 improvements were made to the grand kori, the short gate, and the making of large orders. The third improvement was 1972 and the last was 1976.

Taman Ayun Temple Complex occupies an area of ​​100 x 250 m2, composed of an outer court and three inner courts, which are increasingly inwardly located. The outer court, called Jaba, is located on the outside side of the pond. From the outer court there is a bridge across the pond, leading to a gate in the form of a short gate.

The gate is the entrance to the inner court surrounded by a stone fence. At the entrance to the bridge and in front of the gate there is a pair of giant statues. To the left of the driveway, not far from the gate, there is a building like a small substation for guards. On this first page there is an invitation (sort of pendapa) which is used for the implementation of the ceremony and also as a place for chicken breeding carried out in connection with the implementation of the ceremony at the temple.

The first inner court seems to have been cleaved by the road to the gate which is the entrance to the second inner court. On the southwest side there is a round bale, which is a resting place while enjoying the beauty of the temple. Next to the round bale is a pond filled with lotuses and in the center stands a monument which radiates water to the nine cardinal directions. In the east there is a group of small temples called Pura Luhuring Purnama.
At the end of the road that divides the first court there is a gate to the second court. This position is higher than the first court. Right opposite the gate is a perimeter building, which is decorated with reliefs depicting 9 gods guarding the direction of the compass. To the east there is a small temple called Pura Dalem Bekak. In the west corner there is a Kulkul hall with a high roof.

The third or deepest court is the highest court and is considered the most holy. The main door called the coil door is located in the middle and is only opened when the ceremony is held. i left and right of the main door there is a gate that is used to go in and out of carrying out daily activities at the temple. In this court there are a number of Meru, Temple, Gedong, Padmasana, Padma Rong Telu, and other religious buildings.

Photo: Special

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