Window of Archipelago

La Galigo - Similar to the Koran but older than the Koran

Ujungpandang ( Dreamland Library ) - The Bugis in South Sulawesi, adheres to a belief in the Gods of Seuwae (the Only God). "The Bug...

Java - Padi Island

Jawa Dwipa
Jakarta (Dreamland Library) - Formerly Java Island was known as Jawa Dwipa. Javanesewipa comes from Sanskrit which means "Paddy Island" and is referred to in the Hindu epic Ramayana. The epic said "Jawadwipa, adorned with seven kingdoms, Island of Gold and silver, rich in gold mines", as one of the most distant parts of the earth. The Greek geographer Ptolomeus also wrote about the existence of the "land of Gold" and "the land of Silver" and islands, including the island "Iabadiu" which means "Paddy Island".

Ptolomeus mentions at the western end of Iabadiou (Jawadwipa) located Argyre (kotaperak). The city of Perak is most likely the ancient Sundanese kingdom, Salakanagara which is located in the west of Java Island. Salakanagara in the history of Sunda (Wangsakerta) is also called Rajatapura. Salaka means silver while nagara is the same as city, so Salakanagara is interpreted as a silver city.

On this island of Java also stood the great kingdom of Majapahit. Majapahit was recorded as the largest kingdom in the archipelago that succeeded in uniting the archipelago including Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Nusa Tenggara islands, the Moluccas, Papua, and parts of the Philippine islands. In Wang Ta-yuan's notes, Javanese export commodities at that time were pepper, salt, cloth, and parrots. Currency is made from a mixture of silver, white lead, lead, and copper. In addition, records of the visit of a Roman monk in 1321, Odorico da Pordenone, mentioned that the palace of the King of Java was full of gold, silver and jewelery.

According to many experts, the most fertile island in the world is Java. This makes sense, because Java has a very high concentration of volcanoes. Many active volcanoes on Java. This is the mountain that causes the land of Java is very fertile with nutrients needed by plants.

Raffles, the author of The History of Java, is amazed at the natural fertility of Java that is unmatched in any hemisphere. "If all the existing land is utilized," he wrote, "there is certainly no region in the world that can match the quantity, quality, and variety of plants produced by this island."

Java now supplies 53 percent of Indonesia's food needs. Rice farming is widely available in Java because it has extraordinary fertility. Java Island is said to be Indonesia's rice barn. Java is also famous for its coffee called Javanese coffee. Rainfall and soil acidity in Java are very suitable for coffee cultivation. Much better than Latin American or African coffee.

Other food crops such as vegetables and fruits are also found in Java, such as peanuts, green beans, leeks, onions, potatoes, cabbage, turnips, Chinese cabbage, string beans, carrots, beans, spinach, cucumbers, chillies, eggplants, squash, red beans, tomatoes, avocados, oranges, durian, duku, guava, guava water, guava bol, pineapple, mango, papaya, banana, brown, salak, apple, grapes and rambutan. Even in Java it is now trying to plant wheat and date palms. It is not impossible if the land in Java is maximally used and processed for agriculture, so Java can be very rich only from agricultural products.


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