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Brahu Temple - 939 AD

Candi Brahu
Trowulan (Dreamland Library) - Brahu Temple is located in Cashew Hamlet, Bejijong Village, Trowulan District, Mojokerto Regency. Right in front of the East Java Heritage and Archaeological Heritage Office located on the Mojokerto-Jombang highway there is an entrance to the north which is rather narrow but has been paved. Brahu Temple is located on the right side of the small road, about 1.8 km from the highway.

There is an opinion that says that Brahu Temple is older than other temples around Trowulan. The name Brahu linked is thought to originate from the word 'Wanaru' or 'Warahu', the name of a sacred building mentioned in the copper inscription 'Alasantan' which was found about 45 meters to the west of the Brahu Temple.

This inscription was made in 861 Saka or, precisely, 9 September 939 AD by order of Raja Mpu Sindok from Kahuripan. According to the surrounding community, this temple used to function as a place to burn the bodies of the kings of Brawijaya, but not including Prabu Brawijaya V.

However, the results of research conducted on the temple did not show any traces of ash or corpse, because the temple chambers are now empty.

Around the temple complex have been found other ancient objects, such as metal ceremonies, jewelry and other objects of gold, as well as metal statues all of which show the characteristics of Buddhist teachings, so that the conclusion drawn that the Brahu Temple is a Buddhist temple . Although none of the Buddha statues found there, but the style of the building and the remaining profile of the base of the stupa found on the southeast side of the roof of the temple reinforce the notion that the Brahu Temple is indeed a Buddhist temple. It is estimated that this temple was founded in the 15th century AD

This temple faces west, has a rectangular base with an area of ​​18 x 22.5 m and with the remaining height up to now reaches around 20 m. Like most other ancient buildings found in Trowulan, Brahu Temple is also made of red brick. However, unlike other temples, Brahu Temple's body shape is not firmly square but has many angles, blunt and curved. The middle part of his body curves inward like a waist. The curve is emphasized by the pattern of brick arrangement on the west wall or the front wall of the temple. The roof of the temple is also not in the form of a compound or rectangular prism, but rather with many angles with flat tops.

The temple's foot was built in two tiers. The lower leg is about 2 m high, has a ladder on the west side, leading to a corridor about 1 m wide that surrounds the body of the temple. From the first corridor there is a ladder as high as about 2 m to the second hallway. On this second hallway, the body of the temple stands. On the west side, there is a hole like a door at a height of about 2 m from the second hallway. Maybe there was a ladder going up from the second hallway to the door in the body of the temple, but now the stairs are no longer there, making it difficult for visitors to enter the room in the body of the temple. It is said that the room inside is spacious enough to be able to accommodate around 30 people. On the feet, the body and the roof of the temple were not found in the form of reliefs or carvings. It's just that the arrangement of bricks on the legs, body walls and roof of the temple is arranged in such a way as to form a geometric patterned figure and beautiful curves.

Brahu Temple was restored in 1990 and finished in 1995. According to the surrounding community, not far from Brahu Temple, there were several other temples, such as Muteran Temple, Gedong Temple, Central Temple and Gentong Temple, which are now invisible.

Photo: Special

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