Window of Archipelago

Borobudur Temple - 800 AD

Borobudur Temple (337 - 422 AD) already existed when F-Huan came to the Land of Java Jakarta ( DreamLandLibrary ) - Borobudur is ...

Kingdom of Blambangan - 1546 AD to 1764 AD

Ilustrasi
Jakarta (Dreamland Library) - Blambangan Kingdom is a kingdom centered on the easternmost tip of the island of Java Blambangan is considered the last Hindu-style kingdom on the island of Java.

In the 16th century, the only meaningful Islamic kingdom in East Java was Pasuruan. Other regions are still led by Hindu rulers. Most likely there was a war between Pasuruan and Blambangan in the 1540s, 1580s and 1590s. Apparently in 1600 or 1601 the capital of Blambangan was conquered.

According to Javanese chronicle and Dutch writer François Valentyn, in the 17th century, Blambangan was a subordinate of Surabaya, but this is doubtful. What is clear, Sultan Agung of Mataram (enthroned 1613-1646), who attacked Blambangan in 1633, could never conquer it.

In 1697 Blambangan was conquered by I Gusti Anglurah Panji Sakti, the king of Buleleng in North Bali, perhaps with the assistance of Surapati King Blambangan Prabu Tawang Alun was defeated and for a while Ki Gusti Ngurah Panji Sakti appointed his representative to govern the temporary Blambangan , I Gusti Anglurah Panji Sakti gave power to the Kingdom Blambangan to Cokorda Agung Mengwi after being married to the daughter of King Mengwi.

After Blambangan under Mengwi's control, Badung was appointed descendant of King Tawang Alun to hold the Blambangan Kingdom, namely Prince Danuningrat, where King Danuningrat to bind his loyalty was married to Princess Cokorda Agung Mengwi.

Before becoming a sovereign kingdom, Blambangan was included in the conquest of Bali. The Kingdom of Mengwi once ruled this area. The conquest of the Sultanate of Mataram against Blambangan was unsuccessful. This is the reason why the Blambangan area (and Banyuwangi in general) has never entered Central Javanese culture, so that the region has a variety of languages ​​that are quite different from Javanese standards. The influence of Bali is also evident in the various forms of dance originating from the Blambangan region.

Blambangan Kingdom Lineage
Early Genealogy

  • Mpu Withadarma
  • Mpu Bhajrastawa
  • Mpu Lempita
  • Mpu Gnijaya
  • Mpu Wiranatha
  • Mpu Purwantha
  • Ken Dedes
  • Mahisa Wonga Teleng
  • Mahisa Campaka
  • Lembutal
  • Rana Wijaya/Raden Wijaya
  • Tribuana Tunggadewi
  • Hayam Wuruk
  • Wikramawardhana
  • Kerta Wijaya
  • Cri Adi Suraprabawa
  • Lembu Anisraya/Minak Anisraya
  • Mas Sembar/Minak Sembar

  • Bima Koncar / Minak Sumendhe (ruled Blambangan in 1489 AD-1500 AD)
  • Minak Pentor (governing Blambangan 1500 M -1541 AD)
  • Minak Gadru (Governing Prasada / Lumajang): Minak Gadru sent down the Minor of Lampor who ruled in Werdati-Teposono-Lumajang.
  • Minak Cucu (Governing the Temple of Bang / Kedhaton Baluran): Minak Cucu is known as Minak Djinggo, the ruler of Djinggan, who is a son of SONTOGUNO who ruled Blambangan in 1550 AD to 1582 AD

  • Little Lampor
  • Minak Lumpat (As King in Werdati)
  • Minak Escape (For Senopathy)
  • Minak Sumendi (as Karemon / Agul Agul)
Then Minak Lumpat or SUNAN REBUT UMBRELLA with Seruyu Minak / Pangeran Singosari (Sunan Tawang Alun I), Prince Singosari conquered Mas Kriyan and Mas Kriyan's entire family, so there were no descendants, Sunan Tawang Alun I ruled Lumajang, Kedawung and Blambangan in 1633 -1639

Gusti Sunan Tawang Alun I has a son:
  • Gede Buyut
  • Mas Ayu Widharba
  • Mas Lanang Dangiran (Mbah Mas Brondong)
  • Mas Senepo/Mas Kembar
  • Mas Lego.
Next Mas Lego lowered MAS SURANGGANTI and MAS SURODILOGO (MBAH KOPEK), while Mas Lanang Dangiran lowered Mas Aji Reksonegoro and Mas Danuwiryo.

Genealogy After Tawang Alun I
It was this Senepo who then ruled the White Tiger Kedhaton with the title Susuhunan Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun, where he ruled in the kingdom of Blambangan 1645 to 1691, during Susuhunan Gusti Prabhu's reign, Tawang Alun Blambangan was progressing rapidly where his power was united to Lumajang. Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun has two Empresses and several concubines, so there are several bloodlines.

Sinuhun Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun has a son and daughter of Mas Ayu Rangdiyah (MA. Rangdiyah is a Sinuhun Gusti concubine Adhiprabhu Sultan Agung Mataram, where when 3 months pregnant she was handed over to Sinuhun Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun):

    Prince Pati, Married to Princess Untung Surapati, revealed:
    Prince Putro / Mas Purbo / Danurejo.

Meanwhile Sinuhun Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun from another Empress, namely Mas Ayu Dewi Sumekar (Blater) revealed:

    Dalem Agung Macanapuro
    Dalem Patih Sasranegoro / Pangeran Dipati Rayi
    Prince Keta
    Foreign Prince
    Prince Gajah is twisted

Sementara dari para selir Sinuhun Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun menurunkan :
  • Mas Dalem Jurang mangun
  • Mas Dalem Puger
  • Mas Dalem ki Janingrat
  • Mas Dalem Wiroguno
  • Mas Dalem Wiroluko
  • Mas Dalem Wiroludro
  • Mas Dalem Wilokromo
  • Mas Dalem Wilo Atmojo
  • Mas Dalem Wiroyudo
  • Mas Dalem Wilotulis
When Sinuhun Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun died, the appointment of Prince Pati as the King of the White Tiger Blambangan, this became a problem since the true Prince Pati was a descendant of Sinuhun Gusti Adhiprabhu Sultan Agung, causing war between Prince Pati and Dalem Agung Macanapuro and also Prince Dipati Rayi.

Prince Pati was defeated but his son, Prince Putro / Danurejo succeeded him, it was noted that the civil war lasted a long time and both Macanapuro, Danurejo and Sosronegoro had led Blambangan to become king but only briefly given the ongoing war.

Dipati Rayi rages and damages the White Tiger Kedhaton Prince Dipati Rayi has just stopped because he died due to the weapon of Ki Buyut Wongsokaryo namely Tulup Ki Baru Klitik.

Civil war after the Sinuhun swargi Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun, made the white tiger damaged and both Gusti Prabhu Macanapuro, Gusti Prabhu Sosronegoro / Dipati Ray, Pangeran Patii and Gusti Prabhu Danurejo all died. The most impressive is Dipati Rayi's anger which is very powerful. He is also a student of Ki Buyut Wongsokaryo who is also a teacher from Gusti Prabhu Tawang Alun, the supernatural power of Dipati Rayi or Prabhu Sosronegoro has destroyed the White Tiger Kedhaton, the agul agul fought a lingsem (shame).

Gusti Prabhu Danurejo has a consort Mas Ayu Gendhing from the marriage has a son:

Great Prince Dupati
While from a concubine (brother-in-law Gusti Agung Mengwi / Mengwi king) he had a son:

Mas Sirno / Pangeran Wilis / Wong Agung Wilis.

Because of the disruption of the civil war Prince Gung Dupati and Prince Mas Sirno were evacuated until the war subsided and Pangerang Gung Dupati was appointed King of Blambangan with the title Sinuhun Gusti Prabhu Danuningrat governing Blambangan Kedhaton White Tiger in 1736-1763

At the end of the 18th century, after the war Puputan Bayu 1771 the VOC filled the government vacuum and incorporated Blambangan into the Besuki residency, and appointed Mas Alit as KRT Wiroguno as the First Regent starting from the KRroguno KRT. This dynasty of Blambangan Kingdom definitely and reliably embraced Islam, generation above KRT Wiroguno there are no reliable sources that have embraced Islam.

The loss of Blambangan for Bali is a very significant event in terms of culture. The Balinese kings believed that their ancestors came from Majapahit. With the entry of Blambangan into VOC power, Bali became separated from Java.

Archeology
Some historical discoveries that are quite interesting objects from the kingdom of Blambangan are the Rejo Wall, in the form of a wall of the former Blambangan royal fortress along approximately 5 km buried at a depth of 1 - 0.5 m from the ground surface and stretching from the market mosque to the muncar market in the rice fields of Tembok Rejo Village . Siti Hinggil or better known by people as setinggil which means Siti is land, Hinggil / Inglil is high. The object of Siti Hinggil is located on the east side of the Muncar T-junction (about 400 meters north of TPI / Fish Auction Place). Siti Hinggil was a port / syah bandar control post that was in power during the Blambangan kingdom, in the form of a stepping stone located on top of a rock mound that has a "privilege" to oversee the situation around Pang Pang Bay and Blambangan Peninsula. Some historical heritage objects of Blambangan are now stored in the regional museum in the form of urns and armband accessories, while the ancient ponds and wells found are still around the Great Blambangan Temple, namely in Tembok Rejo Village, Muncar District, Banyuwangi Regency.

Besides that, in the location of the White Tiger Palace in the District of Kabat, archaeological reliefs and buried objects are currently located in an area of ​​44 hectares that have become rice fields and gardens. local residents often move and / or store the debris. Also found several collections in several museums in the Netherlands that contain pictures, photographs and artifacts of the White Tiger Palace.

After the White Tiger Palace was destroyed, Raja Blambangan's successor, Mas Jaka Rempeg, founded the Kingdom of Bayu around Rawa Bayu, the kingdom did not last long because of the Puputan Bayu war of 1771, which in just a few months here can be found some remaining artifacts and former warfare with the VOC

Until now, even though the Kingdom has been destroyed, the Kingdom's hereditary relatives have kept several important relics from the Kingdom.

Source
  • Ricklefs, M. C., A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1200, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, 2008 (terbitan ke-4), ISBN 978-0-230-54686-8
  • Purwasastra, Muji Rahayu, Sriyanto, Cariyosipun tanah Balambangan jamanipun wong Agung Wilis, Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan,Universitas Michigan 1996, ISBN 978-979-459-609-8
  • Purwasastra, Babad Wilis,Wilis.html?id=3LotAAAAMAAJ&redir esc=y Naskah dan Dokumen Nusantara: Textes et Documents Nousantariens, I.pp. lxxxviii, 393, 9 pl., map. Jakarta, Bandung, Lembaga Penelitian Perancis untuk Timur Jauh: École Française d'Extrême-Orient, 1980.
  • Winarsih Arifin, Babad Sembar: chroniques de l'est javanais, Presses de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient, 1995 , ISBN 978-2-85539-777-1
  • Margana Dr. Sri., Java's last Frontier, Universiteit Leiden
  • [1], Puri Gumuk Merang, Banyuwangi
  • I Made Sudjana, Nagari tawon madu: sejarah politik Blambangan abad XVIII blambangan&hl=id&source=gbs similarbooks, Larasan-Sejarah, 2001, ISBN 978-979-96250-0-7
Source : http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Blambangan
Photo: Special


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